Accessing Higher Education

Accessing Higher Education

Accessing Higher Education Section One: Choosing a College 2 2014 Project Hope Seminar Choosing a Campus with Supportive Services for Homeless Youth Characteristics of Colleges with Supportive Services for Homeless Youth:

Finding the right campus size Two Year -vs- Four Year Housing Options Year round housing, on/off campus options Financial Aid Assistance Mentoring Tutoring Class Size Characteristic Grid 3

2014 Project Hope Seminar College Search Tool http://nces.ed.gov/collegenavigator General school information Tuition, fees, and estimated student expenses Types of financial aid provided Net price Enrollment Admissions requirements Retention and graduation rates Accreditation Campus security statistics Default rates

4 2014 Project Hope Seminar 5 2014 Project Hope Seminar NAEHCY Statewide Networks Stakeholders from K-12 education, Local homeless liaisons, higher education staff, RHYA and HUD shelter staff, and college access program staff working together to eliminate higher education

barriers for homeless youth. CO, FL, GA, IL, KY, MA, MI, NH, NC, OK NAEHCY is working with the following states to develop State Higher Education Networks: IN, MN, NJ, VA http://naehcy.org/legislation-and-policy/state-henetworks 6 2014 Project Hope Seminar Resource: State Programs Some states have special provisions available for lowincome and/or homeless students: Indiana Students receiving free lunch receive a tuition waiver when participating in Indianas Double Up Program

(dual enrollment in college courses for students in 11th and 12th grade) http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title21/ar14/ch8.html Indiana Twenty-First Century Scholars Program - Incomeeligible 7th and 8th graders who enroll in the program and fulfill a pledge of good citizenship are guaranteed to receive up to four years of undergraduate tuition at any participating public college or university in Indiana http://www.scholars.in.gov 7 2014 Project Hope Seminar Resource: State Programs

Florida Homeless students are exempt from the payment of tuition and fees, including lab fees, at a school district that provides postsecondary career programs, community college, or state university (2011 F.S. 1009.25); Florida statute establishes the definition of homeless used http://www.leg.state.fl.us/Statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Dis play_Statute&Search_String=&URL=1000-1099/1009/Sectio ns/1009.25.html Look for resources in your state! 8 2014 Project Hope Seminar

Campuses That Have Single Points of Contact Single Point of Contact A supportive college administrator on each campus who is committed to helping homeless youth (and often foster youth) successfully navigate the college-going process on campuses Connects students to Admissions, Financial Aid, Academic Advising, Housing, Community Resources etc. In place in MI, CO, NC, and GA In progress in AL, FL, NH, NV, MA, NJ, IN, PA http://naehcy.org/legislation-and-policy/state-he-networks

9 2014 Project Hope Seminar Help Students Obtain Fee Waivers During High School SAT/ACT Waiver http://www.actstudent.org/faq/feewaiver.html http://professionals.collegeboard.com/testing/waivers/guidelines/ sat Admissions Application Fee Waiver

http://www.nacacnet.org/studentinfo/feewaiver/Pages/default.asp x 10 2014 Project Hope Seminar Connect Student to Bridge Programs Individual colleges may offer their own bridge programs to help entering freshmen have a smooth transition. Offer the following: College-level courses (earn college credit hours) Development seminars

College life workshops Social events Mentoring provided by current students Counsel for Opportunities in Education http://www.coenet.us/coe_prod_imis/COE/Home/COE/Home.aspx ?hkey=040cec49-d947-4110-b9fa-1f30bef9c919 11 2014 Project Hope Seminar Best Practices in High School Focus on FASFSA completion! o Early awareness http://www.collegeaccess.org/Early_Awareness_

o FAFSA Week see www.naehcy.org o Inform unaccompanied youth of college options as soon as they are identified as homeless o Make sure high school counselors know about the FAFSA policies for UHY o Arrange for students to visit local colleges and universities o Use a template for determinations www.naehcy.org 12 2014 Project Hope Seminar Best Practices on Campus Campus advisors can work together to create campus

networks to focus on meeting needs of homeless youth Communicate with local homeless liaisons to streamline the transition process Get involved with local state network for homeless youth that are accessing higher education Create a single point of contact (SPOC) on campus http://naehcy.org/educational-resources/higher-ed 13 2014 Project Hope Seminar Section Two: Great Expectations An Initiative of Virginias Community Colleges & the

Virginia Foundation for Community College Education 14 2014 Project Hope Seminar 15 2014 Project Hope Seminar Great Expectations Serves foster youth 13 24, in both high school and college. Focuses on the value of a college education as the best way to gain employment and achieve independence.

Provides education and employment opportunities that will improve the likelihood of success for foster youth. Offers individual support for at-risk foster teens as they finish high school, leave their foster homes and transition to postsecondary education and living on their own. 16 2014 Project Hope Seminar Great Expectations Launched in 2008 at 5 Virginia Community Colleges Now offered at 17 of the 23 community colleges

17 Blue Ridge Central Virginia

Danville Germanna J. Sargeant Reynolds John Tyler Lord Fairfax Mountain Empire New River 2014 Project Hope Seminar

Northern Virginia Patrick Henry Piedmont Virginia Southside Virginia Southwest Virginia Tidewater Virginia Highlands Wytheville

Great Expectations Help with the college admissions/financial aid Resource Center www.GreatExpectations.vccs.edu Personal counseling and individual tutoring Career exploration and coaching; job preparation Mentoring (by college staff, college peers and community volunteers) Special programs, e.g. life skills, healthy relationships Emergency and incentive Funds Online Best Practices Forum 18 2014 Project Hope Seminar

Great Expectations Essentials Support of the colleges administration Special training for Campus Coaches Coordination with other depts. (e.g. financial aid, student success, counseling, tutoring) Special programs Emergency funds 19

2014 Project Hope Seminar Challenges Part-time Campus Coaches Recruiting students in rural areas Building awareness of the program in the community Setting boundaries Lack of housing Transportation Great Expectations Campus Coaches Are the Key!

Coaches are..the go-to person who musters the other services available on the campus and in the community for the students The team includes.the high school career coaches, DSS workers foster and adoptive parents, volunteer mentors interns and work/study students, community supporters 20 2014 Project Hope Seminar Great Expectations Virginias Community Colleges have Tuition Grants available for foster youth, former foster youth and special needs adoptees who have a

high school diploma or GED. The Tuition Grant covers tuition and fees. Requirements Enrolls and maintains at least half-time credit in an academic program of at least 1 year Is a bona-fide resident of Virginia Meets the satisfactory standards of the college for federal aid programs Has not been previously enrolled full-time in a postsecondary program for more than 5 years and does not have a bachelors degree Demonstrates a financial need 21 2014 Project Hope Seminar

Great Expectations Career Coaches Middle College Virginia Career Readiness Certificate Apprenticeship Related Instruction working with sponsoring employers Occupational Instruction (for certifications and licenses)

Institutes of Excellence (for high demand occupations) Postsecondary Perkins (to continuously improve career/technical education) Business & Industry - courses to meet VA professional and occupational regulations for Engineers, Architects, Contractors, Land Surveyors, etc. Customized Training for more than 170 participating companies Virginia Education Wizard www.vawizard.org For more information on VCCS Workforce Development: http://www.vccs.edu/WorkforceServices/WIARegionalLocator/tabid/922/Default. aspx 22 2014 Project Hope Seminar

Great Expectations Measuring the Costs of Foster Care and the Return on Investment of the Great Expectations Initiative, produced by Chmura Economics & Analytics, provided these highlights: Costs of foster care include economic costs and social costs. The total annual costs for Virginia foster youth are estimated to have been $29.7 million in Virginia in 2010, or $41,460 per aging-out foster youth. Foster youth tend to have lower educational attainment, are more likely to utilize public assistance, and are more likely to be involved with the criminal justice system. Community college students who were foster youth achieved lower academic performance than the VCCS student body at large. They were also more likely to have part-time jobs while attending school than other students. The WIA (Workforce Investment Act) participants who were foster youth tended to

have lower educational attainment and lower skill levels than other WIA youth. 23 2014 Project Hope Seminar Great Expectations On an individual level, each foster youth who drops out of high school costs the public sector $209,100 over a lifetime due to lost wages and greater need for public support services. (National Governors Association Report 2010) The Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia, when discussing college completion rates in general, found, A single years college degree production accounts for $349 million in

Social Services cost savings to the Commonwealth. Currently, there are more than 500 students enrolled in Great Expectations programs across the state. If the programs are successful in eliminating the achievement gaps in terms of economic and social outcomes, GE can save Virginia $10.1 million per year, far more than the 1.5 million annual cost of the program. 24 2014 Project Hope Seminar I want to become a chef and open my own restaurant. Great Expectations is important because it shows theres

a support system. Someone else is out there who cares about helping you. - Heather, age 18 25 2014 Project Hope Seminar Lynn, with coaches Christy Y. and Christy R. from Patrick Henry Community College in Martinsville, VA. 26 2014 Project Hope Seminar

Jasmine is graduating from JSRCC this spring with an Associates degree. 27 2014 Project Hope Seminar Sophia is a student at JSRCC and has recently been hired by Project Life as Youth Network Coordinator. 28 2014 Project Hope Seminar Great Expectations Virginia Community College System 101 N. 14th Street, 15th floor Richmond,

VA 23219 (804) 819-4690 [email protected] http://greatexpectations.vccs.edu/ 29 2014 Project Hope Seminar Section Three: Paying for College 30 2014 Project Hope Seminar

What Is Financial Aid? Any source of funds other than from the family used to pay college expenses 31 2014 Project Hope Seminar Sources of Financial Aid Federal government States Colleges

Private sources 32 2014 Project Hope Seminar Costs that Can be Paid with Financial Aid Direct costs Indirect costs 33

2014 Project Hope Seminar Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) Standard federal form Must be completed every year Asks for demographic and financial information Some students must provide parental information 34 2014 Project Hope Seminar

Dependency Status Dependent students must provide parental data on FAFSA Expectation of parental support Independent students do not provide parental data on FAFSA No expectation of parental support 35 2014 Project Hope Seminar Who Can Make a Determination

that a Student is an UHY? School district liaisons Director or designee of a HUD-funded emergency shelter or transitional housing program Director or designee of a runaway or homeless youth basic shelter or transitional living program Financial aid administrator 36 2014 Project Hope Seminar Department of Education Guidance

Determinations are not the use of professional judgment or a dependency override Use McKinney-Vento Act definitions Use of a documented interview 37 2014 Project Hope Seminar Department of Education Guidance Reach out to homeless education professionals Use of discretion Students may appeal financial aid administrators

determination to Department of Education 38 2014 Project Hope Seminar Tools for Financial Aid Administrators Determination of independent status template Making determinations tool 39

2014 Project Hope Seminar Other Forms and Applications CSS Profile Institutional applications 40 2014 Project Hope Seminar Awarding Process

Cost of Attendance (COA) Expected Family Contribution (EFC) ____________________________________ Financial Need 41 2014 Project Hope Seminar Awarding Process Financial aid packages consist of a mix of: Grants/scholarships

Work Loans 42 2014 Project Hope Seminar Awarding Process Packaging philosophy varies from college to college so a students financial aid offer will also vary from college to college 43

2014 Project Hope Seminar Understanding Budgets College use the same standard cost components Value of components will vary based on college type, location, and other factors 44 2014 Project Hope Seminar Understanding Award Letters

EFC will be the same regardless of college Mix of aid will vary by college Look at out of pocket costs 45 2014 Project Hope Seminar Scholarships Common sources Civic organizations Houses of worship

Nonprofit organizations and foundations 46 2014 Project Hope Seminar Searching for Scholarships Fastweb!: http://www.fastweb.com/ College Board: https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/scholarship-search U.S. Department of Labor: http://www.careerinfonet.org/scholarshipsearch/Scholars hipCategory.asp?searchtype=category&nodeid=22

47 2014 Project Hope Seminar Impact of Outside Scholarships Could reduce existing aid package from college Changes depend on school policies and procedures 48 2014 Project Hope Seminar

Resources: Scholarships Check with the high schools guidance counselor for a list of private scholarships available to area students The LeTendre Education Fund Scholarship: www.naehcy.org/letendre_ab.html (application period closed until 2013) Give Us Your Poor/Horatio Alger Scholarship: https://www.horatioalger.org/scholarships/ 49 2014 Project Hope Seminar

Undocumented Students Not eligible to receive federal student aid May be eligible for state and/or institutional aid Depending on state, may qualify for in-state tuition General requirements 50 2014 Project Hope Seminar NAEHCY Higher Education Resources NAEHCY Toolkit: College Access and Success for Students

Experiencing Homelessness available at http://www.naehcy.org/educational-resources/he-toolkit Podcast Series http://naehcy.org/educational-resources/podcasts NAEHCY Higher Education Helpline (855) 446-2673 (toll-free) [email protected] http://www.naehcy.org/educational-resources/helpline FAFSA Tips for Unaccompanied Youth Without Stable Housing and Helping Unaccompanied Homeless Youth Access College Financial Aid at http://www.naehcy.org/educational-resources/higher-ed 51

2014 Project Hope Seminar 52 2014 Project Hope Seminar Contact Us. Cyekeia Lee, Director of Higher Education Initiatives, NAEHCY [email protected] Jennifer Martin, Director of Training Initiatives , NASFAA [email protected]

Allyson Roberts, Great Expectations a[email protected] 53 2014 Project Hope Seminar

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