LOGO PHRA SES Presentation on Phrases LOGO 1. ADJECTIVE PHRASES have seen that sometimes We
a group of words does the work of an adjective ($ 3). Now examine the following pairs of sentences:1. (a) The vizier was a wealthy man. (b) The vizier was a man of great wealth. 2. (a) The magistrate was a kind man. (b) the magistrate was a man with a kindly nature. 3. (a) the chief lived in a stone house. (b) the chief lived in a house built of stone. 4. (a) I like to see a smiling face. (b) I like to see a face with a smile on it. 5. (a) The coolies belonged to a hill tribe. (b) the coolies belonged to a tribe dwelling in the hills. LOGO
In each of the above pairs of sentences, we have first a single word describing the person or thing denoted by the noun, and then a group of words describing the person or thing denoted by the noun, and then a group of words describing the person or thing denoted by the same noun. For instance, the group of words of great wealth tells us what sort of man the vizier was. It qualifies the noun man just as an adjective does. It therefore does the work of an Adjective and is called an Adjective Phrase. Def.- An Adjective Phrase is a group of words that does the work of an Adjective. LOGO
LOGO Just as the work of an Adjective is often done by a group of words called an Adjective Phrase, so the work of an adverb is often done by a group of words. Study the following pairs of sentences carefully :1.(a) Rama ran quickly. (How?) (b) Rama ran with great speed. (How?) 2.(a) He answered rudely. (How ?) (b) He answered in a very rude manner. (How?) 3.(a) He does his work carelessly. (How ?) (b) He does his work without any care. (How?) 4.(a) He is coming now (When?) (b) he is coming at this very moment. (When?) LOGO
5. (a) No such diseases were known then. (When ?) (b) No such diseases were known in those days. (When?) 6. (a) The arrow fell here. (Where ?) (b) The arrow fell on this spot. (Where?) 7. (a) You can buy it everywhere. (Where?) (b) You can buy it in all places. (Where? ) 8. (a) he fell down. (Where?) (b) he fell to the ground. (Where?) LOGO In each of the above pairs of sentences we have first a single word (an Adverb) modifying a verb, and then a group of words modifying a verb in the same way. For
instance, the group of words with great speed tells us how Rama ran. It modifies the verb ran just as the Adverb quickly does. It therefore does the work of an Adverb and is called an Adverb Phrase. Def. An Adverb Phrase is a group of words that does the work of an Adverb. Note- An Adverb Phrase, like an Adverb, may modify also an Adjective or Adverb : as, Quinine is good for malaria. I have done well on the whole. LOGO Study the following Adverbs and the Adverb Phrase that are equivalent to them.
Adverbs Adverbs Phrases Bravely In a brave manner or with bravery . Unwisely In an unwise manner or without wisdom. Swiftly
In a swift manner or with swiftness. Beautifully In a beautiful style LOGO Formerly In former times, or once upon a time.
Recently Just now, or at a recent date. Soon Before very long, or at an early date. There At that place. Away
To another place. A broad To (in) a foreign country Note- not all Adverb Phrase can be replaced by Adverb, For instance:I took him on the strength of your recommendation. LOGO 3. NOUN PHRASES Examine the following sentences :1. The boy wants something. 2. The boy wants to go home. The word something is a Noun and it is the Object of the
verb wants, in sentence. 1. Similarly the group of words, to go home is the object of the verb wants, in sentence 2. Hence this group of words does the work of a Noun. The group of words, to go home, to is therefore a Noun Phrase. Def.- A Noun Phrase is a group of words that does the work of a Noun Phrase. LOGO FURTHER EXAMPLES OF NOUN PHRASES
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