Chapter 7 Body Systems - Wilco Area Career Center

Chapter 7 Body Systems - Wilco Area Career Center

Chapter 4 Work Ethics Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Work Ethics Work ethics involves: How you look What you say How you behave How you treat others How you work with others Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 2 Health, Hygiene, and Appearance

Your health You need good physical and mental health. You need a balanced diet for good nutrition. Most adults need about 7 hours of sleep daily. Use good body mechanics. Regular exercise is needed. Take care of your eyes. Smoking causes lung, heart, and circulatory disorders. Some drugs affect thinking, feeling, behavior, and function. Alcohol affects thinking, balance, coordination, and alertness. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 3

Health, Hygiene, and Appearance Your hygiene Bathe daily. Use a deodorant or antiperspirant. Brush your teeth. Use a mouthwash. Shampoo often. Style hair in a simple, attractive way. Wash your feet daily. Cut toenails straight across after bathing or soaking them. Practice menstrual hygiene.

Follow practices to look clean, neat, and professional. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 4 Getting a Job There are easy ways to find out about agencies and jobs: Newspaper ads Local state employment services Agencies you would like to work at Phone book yellow pages People you knowyour instructor, family, and

friends The Internet Your schools or colleges job placement counselors Your clinical experience site Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 5 What Employers Look For Employers want to hire people who: Are dependable Are well-groomed Have needed job skills and training Have values and attitudes that fit with the agency Have the qualities and traits for good work ethics You must be at work on time and when scheduled. The employer checks the nursing assistant

registry and requests proof of training. A neat, readable, and complete job application gives a good image. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 6 The Job Interview The job interview An employer gets to know and evaluate you. You learn about the agency.

Prepare a list of your skills for the interviewer. You must appear neat, clean, well-groomed, and neatly dressed. Be on time. Be polite and friendly. Look at the interviewer when answering or asking questions. Watch your body language. Give complete and honest answers. Review the job description with the interviewer. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 7 Accepting a Job When accepting a job: Agree on a starting date, pay rate, and work hours. Find out where to report on your first day. Ask for the employee handbook and other agency information. Read everything before you start working.

New employee orientation The policy and procedure manual is reviewed. Your skills are checked for safety and correctness. You learn how to use the agencys supplies and equipment. Preceptor programs are common. If you do not feel comfortable with the setting and your role, ask for more orientation time. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 8 Preparing for Work You need to plan for childcare:

When you leave for work While you are at work Before you get home from work During emergencies Transportation Plan for getting to and from work. Carpool members depend on each other. Know bus or train schedules. Always have a backup plan for getting to work. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 9 Teamwork Teamwork means that staff members work together as a group. Teamwork involves:

Working when scheduled Being cheerful and friendly Performing delegated tasks Being available to help others Helping others willingly Being kind to others Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 10 Attendance Attendance Report to work when scheduled and on time.

Call the agency if you will be late or cannot go to work. Follow the attendance policy in your employee handbook. Be ready to work when your shift starts. You must stay the entire shift. When it is time to leave, report off-duty to the nurse. Your attitude Show that you enjoy your work. Listen to others. Be willing to learn. Stay busy, and use your time well. Always think before you speak. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 11

Gossip/Confidentiality Gossip To gossip means to spread rumors or talk about the private matters of others. Gossiping is unprofessional and hurtful. Avoid being a part of gossip. Confidentiality means trusting others with personal and private information. The persons information is shared only with staff involved in his or her care. Agency and co-worker information is confidential.

Do not eavesdrop. Be careful what you say over the intercom. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 12 Hygiene and Appearance/Speech and Language Hygiene and appearance Home and social attire is not proper at work. Clothing must not be tight, revealing, or sexual. Speech and language Do not swear or use foul, vulgar, slang, or

abusive language. Speak softly and gently. Speak clearly. Do not shout or yell. Do not fight or argue with a person, family member, visitor, or co-worker. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 13 Courtesies Courtesies Address others by Miss, Mrs., Ms., Mr., or Doctor.

Begin or end each request with please. Say thank you whenever someone does something for you. Apologize when you make a mistake or hurt someone. Hold doors open for others. Hold elevator doors open for others coming down the hallway. Let patients, residents, families, and visitors enter elevators first. Help others willingly. Give praise. Personal matters Personal matters cannot interfere with the job. Keep personal matters out of the workplace. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 14 Meals and Breaks Meals and breaks are scheduled so that some staff are always on the unit.

Leave for and return from breaks on time. Tell the nurse when you leave and return to the unit. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 15 Job Safety You must protect patients, residents, families, visitors, co-workers, and yourself from harm. Ways you can promote job safety include: Understanding the roles, functions, and responsibilities in your job description Following agency rules, policies, and procedures Knowing what is right and wrong conduct Knowing what you can and cannot do

Developing the desired qualities and traits in Box 4-2 Following the nurses directions and instructions Questioning unclear directions and things you do not understand Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 16 Job Safety, cont'd. Help others willingly when asked. Ask for any training you might need. Report measurements, observations, the care given, the persons complaints, and any errors accurately Accept responsibility for your actions. Admit when you are wrong or make mistakes. Do not blame others. Do not make excuses for your actions. Learn what you did wrong and why. Always try to learn from your mistakes. Handle the persons property carefully and prevent

damage. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 17 Planning Your Work Planning your work Decide what to do and when (priority setting). Follow the nurses directions. Check the Kardex, the care plan, and your assignment sheet. A priority is the most important thing at the time. Plan your work to give safe, thorough care and to make good use of your time. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 18

Managing Stress Stress is the response or change in the body caused by any emotional, physical, social, or economic factor. Stress is normal. Stress affects the whole person. Job stresses affect your family and friends. Stress in your personal life affects your work. Talk to the nurse if your work or a person is causing too much stress. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 19 Harassment Harassment means to trouble, torment, offend, or worry a person by ones behavior or comments. Harassment can:

Be sexual Involve age, race, ethnic background, religion, or disability Harassment is not legal in the workplace. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 20 Sexual Harassment Sexual harassment involves unwanted sexual behaviors by another. The behavior affects the persons work and comfort. Victims of sexual harassment may be men or women. Men harass women or men. Women harass men or women.

If you feel that you are being harassed, tell your supervisor and the human resource officer. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 21 Resigning From a Job/Drug Testing Whatever your reason for resigning, you need to tell your employer. Give a written notice. Giving a 2-week notice is a good practice. To keep your job, you must perform well and protect patients and residents from harm. Drug and alcohol use affects patient, resident, and staff safety.

Drug testing policies are common. Review your agencys policy for drug testing. Elsevier items and derived items 2014, 2010 by Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 22

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