Constitution Day 2015 - ACLU of San Diego and Imperial Counties

Constitution Day 2015 - ACLU of San Diego and Imperial Counties

CONSTITUTION DAY 2017 Celebrate the Constitution! Presented by WHAT IS CONSTITUTION DAY?

The U.S. Constitution was signed into law on September 17, 1787 by the Constitutional Congress. Constitution Day is a national holiday established by Congress in 2004 to celebrate the anniversary of the signing of the U.S. What is the U.S. Constitution?

It is the highest law of the nation It lays out the structure of the U.S. Government. It grants every individual in the United States certain fundamental rights and freedoms (whether citizen or non-citizen, documented or undocumented) Separation of Powers The first three Articles

of the Constitution establish the three branches of the U.S. government and specify the powers and duties of each. Separation of powers = Balance of powers This means that no one branch controls the federal government.

What is the Bill Of Rights? It is the name for the first ten amendments made to the U.S. Constitution (added in 1791). It limits the power of the federal government. It originally protected white men only. The First Amendment protects several rights that are crucial to peoples ability to freely express their thoughts and concerns,

particularly to government. FREE SPEECH & EXPRESSION in Schools Tinker vs. Des Moines helped to define students 1 st Amendment rights. In 1965, 13-year old junior high school student, Mary Beth Tinker and a group of friends organized a silent demonstration against the Vietnam War, wearing black armbands to school to protest the fighting. Mary Beth was sent home when she refused to remove it. The ACLU represented her and others in a lawsuit that lasted 4 years.

In 1969, in a landmark Supreme Court decision the Court ruled that students do not "shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate."

What Do YOU Think? Q. Do students have the right to paint a political message on a school bench? Q. Do school teachers and administrators have the right or responsibility to protect students from negative or

controversial subjects? The Fourth Amendment protects people and their belongings from unreasonable searches and seizures. What Do YOU Think?

Can law enforcement conduct a warrantless search of a cell phone seized from a person who has just been arrested? Q. What Do YOU Think?

Did this police raid and search violate these high school students constitutional rights?

Q. Stratford High School Goose Creek, SC What Do YOU Think? Were school administrators right to search Savana?

Even inside her underwear? Q. Was there enough proof that she might be carrying contraband? Q. Does it matter that she was only 13 years old? Q. DUE PROCESS:

The right to be heard. The Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Amendments protect individuals due process rights. These amendments are intended to

ensure the The due process clause accused is reiterated in the 14th Amendment. This speaks are treated fairly by to the importance of this the government and constitutional right.

in courts of law. What Do YOU Think? Is the death penalty cruel and unusual punishment?" Q: Does the method of execution matter?

What about the age of the person facing execution? Q. The Fourteenth Amendment is often considered a part of the Bill of Rights. It allows for many of the rights protected by the

first ten amendments to be applied to state and local governments. Equal Protection of Laws requires that states guarantee the SAME rights, privileges and protections to In 1958, it was a crime in

Virginia and 15 other states for a white person to marry a black person. Richard and Mildred Loving married in Washington, D.C. and tried to return to their home state of Virginia

where they were arrested and sentenced to one year in jail. What Do YOU Think? Does Obergefell v. Hodges (2015) ,,,,remind you of Loving v. Virginia (1967)?

Q. Q. Does the 14th Amendment require a state to recognize a same-sex marriage licensed in another state? The 19th Amendment

gave women the right to vote 133 years after the signing of the U.S. Constitution. The 26th Amendment prohibits the federal and state governments from denying the right to vote

to citizens who are at least eighteen years old. What Do YOU Think? A proposed 28th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: LOWER THE VOTING AGE TO 16 FUN FACT: States are free to let persons under the

age of 18 vote if they decide. Seventeen year-olds are already permitted to participate in primaries and caucuses in 21 states! CONSTITUTION DAY 2017 Questions? Presented by

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