Diapositiva 1 - CTElks

Diapositiva 1 - CTElks

April 2019 District Deputy Clinic Auditing and Accounting Presentation 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Agenda Unrelated Business Income Rental Income Treatment Unrelated Business Income Tax 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) QuickBooks Tips and techniques

2019 April District Deputy Clinics Unrelated Business Income What is It? How to Account for It 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Unrelated Business Income (UBI) is the income from a trade or business regularly conducted by an exempt organization

and not substantially related to the performance by the organization of its exempt purpose or function, except that the organization uses the profits derived from this activity. Source: IRS Publication 598 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Three Key Factors 1. A Trade or Business 2. Regularly Carried On

3. Not Substantially Related Source: IRS Publication 598 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Trade or Business Defined by the IRS as any activity which is carried on for the production of income from the sale of goods or the performance of services. 2019 April District Deputy Clinics

Regularly Carried On Business Activities ordinarily are considered regularly conducted if they show a frequency and continuity, and are pursued in a manner similar to comparable commercial activities of nonexempt organizations. 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Regularly Carried On Examples: YES

Seasonal sales of holiday cards Operation of sandwich stand at a State Fair NO YES Operation of parking lot once a week There are Exceptions more on this later 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Not Substantially Related A business activity is NOT substantially related to an organizations exempt purpose if it does not contribute importantly to accomplishing that

purpose (other than through the production of funds). The IRS regulations emphasize that the size and extent of the activity must be considered in relation to the nature and extent of the exempt function that they intend to serve. Source: IRS Publication 598 2019 April District Deputy Clinics General Rules to Avoid UBI An exemption income.

applies to exempt function Defined as the gross income from dues, fees, charges or similar amounts paid by members for

goods, facilities or services to the members or their dependents or guests to further the organizations exempt purposes. Source: IRS Publication 598 2019 April District Deputy Clinics General Rules to Avoid UBI Sales to members Sales to non-members

Not UBI Presumed UBI IRS point of view is that the nature of the sales is determined mainly by who makes payment for the sale. If member pays it will not be considered UBI. Source: IRS Publication 598 2019 April District Deputy Clinics General Rules to Avoid UBI

Guests of members are considered non-members. IRS defines guest as an individual invited to participate in an activity, accompanied by a member, and for whom all expenses are paid by the member. Source: Auditing and Accounting Manual 2019 April District Deputy Clinics General Rules to Avoid UBI Imperative therefore that to avoid being classified as

UBI the Lodge member must pay for all expenses of their guests. With the advent of POS systems, simply posting a sign to this effect is no longer effective. Debit and Credit Card transactions can be traced. Note: a members spouse is treated as a member if provision is made in the Lodges By-laws . Source: Auditing and Accounting Manual 2019 April District Deputy Clinics

General Rules to Avoid UBI The General Public are persons other than members of a club or their dependents or guests. Exemption does not apply to sales to the general public. Solicitation by advertisement or otherwise for public patronage of its facilities is prima facie evidence of an organization engaging in an Unrelated Trade or Business. Source: Auditing and Accounting Manual

2019 April District Deputy Clinics General Rules to Avoid UBI Sales to visiting BPOE members Grand Lodge position that these sales are not UBI 1. All Lodges operate under same Group Exemption 2. All members pay a uniform national per capita 3. All Lodges operate by uniform national rules 4. Supported by IRS pronouncements Source: Auditing and Accounting Manual

2019 April District Deputy Clinics General Rules to Avoid UBI Sales to visiting BPOE members 1. Record Income as Member Income in Lodge Records 2. Use separate Visiting Elks Register, not guest register 3. If the Lodge is under examination and the IRS takes a contrary position contact the State Sponsor and Area Committeeman for further

guidance Source: Auditing and Accounting Manual 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Excluded Trade or Business Activities Bingo Games Volunteer Workforce Source: IRS Publication 598 2019 April District Deputy Clinics

Excluded Trade or Business Activities Bingo Games are excluded provided that: 1. Game meets the legal definition of Bingo 2. Is legal where played 3. Played in a jurisdiction where Bingo Games are not regularly conducted by for-profit organizations Source: IRS Publication 598 2019 April District Deputy Clinics

Excluded Trade or Business Activities Bingo Games legal definition: A game of chance played with cards generally printed with five rows of five squares each. Participants place markers over randomly called numbers on the card in an attempt to form a preselected pattern. The first participant to form the preselected pattern wins the game. Source: IRS Publication 3079

2019 April District Deputy Clinics Excluded Trade or Business Activities Bingo Games legal definition: In addition, for a game to meet the legal definition of bingo, wagers must be placed, winners must be determined, and prizes or other property must be distributed in the presence of all persons placing wagers in that game. This eliminates instant Bingo games from qualifying for the exemption. Source: IRS Publication 3079

2019 April District Deputy Clinics Excluded Trade or Business Activities Volunteer Workforce 1. Substantially all the work is performed without compensation 2. Substantially all is 85% or greater 3. Any reasonable allocation method 4. Applies to all Lodge fundraising activities 5. Should be documented in the event report. Source: IRS Publication 598

2019 April District Deputy Clinics Income Exclusions Dividends, interest, annuities and other investment income Gains and losses from disposition of property Revenues from membership drives Rents Source: IRS Publication 598

2019 April District Deputy Clinics Income Exclusions Dividends, interest, annuities and other investment income Gains and losses from disposition of property Revenues from membership drives Rents These two Exclusions are unique to a 501(c)(8) organization and why the Grand Lodge vigorously defends this status with the IRS. They are not available to any other non profit fraternal or social club tax exempt type.

Source: IRS Publication 598 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Income Exclusions Membership Drives 1. Can apply to any Lodge event if advertised as such 2. Must be able to document applications received as a result of the drive 3. All revenues collected will not be UBI Source: IRS Publication 598

2019 April District Deputy Clinics Income Exclusions Rents Rental of Personal Property (tables, chairs, etc.) is always Unrelated Business Income Rental of Real Property (land, room or banquet hall, apartments, etc.) is generally excluded subject to conditions 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Income Exclusions Rents

1. Applies to Real Property Rents only 2. If Mixed Lease then exclusion is based on the personal property component a) b) c) < 10% personal property then 100% of rents excluded > 10% and < 50% then only Real Property component excluded > 50% then none of the rents are excluded

3. Special Rules for Debt-Financed Property Source: IRS Publication 598 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Debt-Financed Property Any property held to produce income for which there is an acquisition indebtedness at any time during the tax year. It includes rental real estate, tangible personal property and corporate stock.

The debt can be a mortgage or any other type of loan or borrowing that is related to the acquisition of the property (including member bonds). Can occur before, during or after acquiring the property Source: IRS Publication 598 and Auditing and Accounting Manual 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Debt-Financed Property If 85% or more of the use of any property is

substantially related to an organizations exempt purpose then the property is not treated as debtfinanced property. 1. Related use does not include a use solely to the organizations need for income, or its use of the profits. 2. Use based on comparison of time or portion or both 3. If < 85% only the portion not related to the exempt purpose is considered debt-financed property 4. Rentals to or by members are related to the Lodges exempt purpose and therefore excluded

Source: IRS Publication 598 and Auditing and Accounting Manual 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Debt-Financed Property If property is debt-financed then both Income from the property and Expenses related to the property are allocated based on the average amount of the debt divided by the average basis of the property during the tax year. The average calculation can be selected by the

Lodge (annual, quarterly, monthly, etc.) 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Income Inclusions All Lodge Bulletin Advertising Revenues are UBI Bulletin Booster Revenues are not UBI (simple list of members donating to offset bulletin costs) 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Unrelated Business Income Tax (UBIT)

2019 April District Deputy Clinics Unrelated Business Income Tax (UBIT) 1. Assessed on the Unrelated Business Taxable Income of an exempt organization (UBTI) 2. Calculated on Form 990-T at corporate tax rates 21% effective January 1, 2018 3. Form 990-T is required to be filed by any tax exempt organization with UBI of $1,000 or more 4. There is a Specific Deduction against UBTI of $1,000 allowable

Source: IRS Form 990-T Instructions 2019 April District Deputy Clinics 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) 2019 April District Deputy Clinics 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) Five provisions impacting Tax Exempt Organizations 1. Excise Tax on Investment Income of Private Colleges and Universities (Section 4968)

2. Exercise Tax on Excessive Compensation in excess of $1M (Section 4960) 3. Separate Calculation of Unrelated Business Income Taxes (Section 512(a)(6)) 4. Transportation Fringe benefits disallowance (Section 512(a)(7)) 5. New Tax rate as of 1/1/18 of 21% 2019 April District Deputy Clinics 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) Separate Calculation of Unrelated Business Income

Taxes For each Unrelated Trade or Business Activity the organization must calculate the income or loss related to that activity. Activities with profits are aggregated and taxed as Unrelated Business Taxable Income. Activities with losses are not deductible and cannot be used to offset Activities with profits. Source: IRS Code Section 512(a)(6) and IRS Notice 2018-67

2019 April District Deputy Clinics 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) Separate Calculation of Unrelated Business Income Taxes If more than one Trade or Business Activity:

Report first Activity on Form 990-T Page 1 Parts I and II File a Schedule M (new form) for each additional activity Only report Activities with profits. Report aggregate of Page 1 and all Form Ms on Form 990-T Part III Line 33 Loss activities are suspended until activity generates profit. Source: IRS Code Section 512(a)(6) and IRS Notice 2018-67 2019 April District Deputy Clinics

2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) Transportation Fringe benefits disallowance Also known as the Parking Tax Reported on Form 990-T Part III Line 34 Amounts Paid for Disallowed Fringes. Taxes the costs incurred to provide parking to employees The Tax Code has now turned Expenses into Income 2019 April District Deputy Clinics

2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) Transportation Fringe benefits disallowance Qualified Parking Any parking provided to an employee on or near the business premises of the employer or on or near a location from which the employee commutes to work. Source: IRS Notice 2018-99 2019 April District Deputy Clinics 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA)

Transportation Fringe benefits disallowance Total Parking Expenses includes but is not limited to repairs, maintenance, utility costs, insurance, property taxes, interest, snow and ice removal, leaf removal, trash removal, cleaning, landscape costs, parking lot attendant expenses, security and rent or lease payments or a portion of rent and lease payments (if not broken out separately). Note: it does not include depreciation. Source: IRS Notice 2018-99

2019 April District Deputy Clinics 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) 4 Steps to calculate the Parking Tax: 1. Calculate disallowance for reserved employee spaces 2. Determine primary use of remaining spaces 3. Calculate allowance for reserved nonemployee spaces 4. Determine remaining use and allocable expenses

2019 April District Deputy Clinics 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) Parking Tax Example Assumptions: $10,000 Total Parking Expenses 500 Total spaces 400 Employees parking daily 50 Reserved for Employees 10 Reserved for Nonemployees 2019 April District Deputy Clinics

2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) Parking Tax Example Step 1 50/500 x $10,000 = $1,000 disallowed Step 2 400/450 = 89% therefore primary use is for employees Step 3 10/450 = 2% therefore $200 ($10,000 x 2%) remains allowable Step 4 ($10,000 -$1,000 - $200) x 89% = $7,832 2019 April District Deputy Clinics 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA)

Parking Tax Example Summary Disallowed Amounts subject to UBIT: From Step 1 $1,000 From Step 4 $7,832 Total UBIT $8,832 Allowable deductions not subject to UBIT are the $200 from Step 3 and the 11% for General Public from Step 2 2019 April District Deputy Clinics QuickBooks

Tips and techniques 2019 April District Deputy Clinics QuickBooks Tips and techniques Chart of Accounts Conversion Editing vs Creating New Set up Users Use of Classes vs. Sub Accounts Customizing Reports Memorized Reports Budgeting

Tax Reporting Made Easy 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Accounting Procedures Revenues Begin classification of income at source 1. Lounge Area Have separate register keys set up for member versus non-member receipts 2. Rental Agreements Have rental type included in the agreement; specify personal property rent separately 3. Catering Agreements specify member versus

non-member in agreement 4. Other Activities segregate as required. 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Accounting Procedures Expenses Directly Related or Attributable Expenses 1. Record in appropriate General Ledger Account

Use sub accounts for accounts in 30000 50000 series Use Classes in QuickBooks to segregate Create series in the 60000 90000 series 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Accounting Procedures Expenses Indirectly Related or Allocable Expenses 1. Record as any other expense 2. Develop a reasonable and consistent method(s) for allocation between non-UBI and UBI 3. Document the method(s) in the Governing Body

minutes 2019 April District Deputy Clinics Questions and Answers

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