# Glencoe Geometry

Interior and Exterior Angles TARGETS Learn to use Polygon Angle Sum Theorem to find the measures of the interior angles. Learn to use the exterior and remote interior angles to find he measure of the exterior angle. Shape Number of Sides Sum of interior angles Triangle Quadrilateral Pentagon Hexagon

Heptagon Octagon Nonagon Decagon Hendecagon Dodecagon N-gon 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

12 n 180 Find the Interior Angles Sum of a Polygon A. Find the sum of the measures of the interior angles of a convex nonagon. A nonagon has nine sides. Use the Polygon Interior Angles Sum Theorem to find the sum of its interior angle measures. (n 2) 180 = (9 2) 180 = 7 180 or 1260 n=9 Simplify.

Answer: The sum of the measures is 1260. Find the Interior Angles Sum of a Polygon B. Find the measure of each interior angle of parallelogram RSTU. Step 1 Find x. Since the sum of the measures of the interior angles is Write an equation to express the sum of the measures of the interior angles of the polygon. Find the Interior Angles Sum of a Polygon

Sum of measures of interior angles Substitution Combine like terms. Subtract 8 from each side. Divide each side by 32. Find the Interior Angles Sum of a Polygon Step 2 Use the value of x to find the measure of each angle. m R = 5x = 5(11) or 55

m S = 11x + 4 = 11(11) + 4 or 125 m T = 5x = 5(11) or 55 m U = 11x + 4 = 11(11) + 4 or 125 Answer: mR = 55, mS = 125, mT = 55, mU = 125 A. Find the sum of the measures of the interior angles of a convex octagon. A. 900 B. 1080

C. 1260 D. 1440 A. B. C. D. A B C D B. Find the value of x. A. x = 7.8 B. x = 22.2 C. x = 15

D. x = 10 A. B. C. D. A B C D Interior Angle Measure of Regular Polygon ARCHITECTURE A mall is designed so that five walkways meet at a food court that is in the shape

of a regular pentagon. Find the measure of one of the interior angles of the pentagon. Find the sum of the interior angle measures. (n 2) 180 = (5 2) 180 n=5 = 3 180 or 540 Simplify. Find the measure of one interior angle. A pottery mold makes bowls that are in the shape of a regular heptagon. Find the measure of one of the interior angles of the bowl. A. 130 B. 128.57 C. 140 D. 125.5

A. B. C. D. A B C D Find Number of Sides Given Interior Angle Measure The measure of an interior angle of a regular polygon is 150. Find the number of sides in the polygon. Use the Interior Angle Sum Theorem to write an equation to solve for n, the number of sides. S

(150)n 150n 0 = = = = 180(n 2) 180(n 2) 180n 360 30n 360 360 = 30n 12 = n

Interior Angle Sum Theorem S = 150n Distributive Property Subtract 150n from each side. Add 360 to each side. Divide each side by 30. Answer: The polygon has 12 sides. The measure of an interior angle of a regular polygon is 144. Find the number of sides in the polygon. A. 12 0% B

0% A D. 10 A B C 0% D D C. 11 A. B. C.

0% D. C B. 9 Find Exterior Angle Measures of a Polygon A. Find the value of x in the diagram. Find Exterior Angle Measures of a Polygon Use the Polygon Exterior Angles Sum Theorem to write an equation. Then solve for x. 5x + (4x 6) + (5x 5) + (4x + 3) + (6x 12) + (2x + 3) + (5x + 5) = 360

(5x + 4x + 5x + 4x + 6x + 2x + 5x) + [(6) + (5) + 3 + (12) + 3 + 5] = 360 31x 12 = 360 31x = 372 x = 12 Answer: x = 12 Find Exterior Angle Measures of a Polygon B. Find the measure of each exterior angle of a regular decagon. A regular decagon has 10 congruent sides and 10 congruent angles. The exterior angles are also congruent, since angles supplementary to congruent angles are congruent. Let n = the measure of each exterior angle and write and solve an equation. 10n = 360

Polygon Exterior Angle Sum Theorem n = 36 Divide each side by 10. Answer: The measure of each exterior angle of a regular decagon is 36. A. Find the value of x in the diagram. A. 10 B. 12 C. 14 D. 15 A.

B. C. D. A B C D B. Find the measure of each exterior angle of a regular pentagon. A. 72 B. 60 C. 45 D. 90 A.

B. C. D. A B C D

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