Introduction to Security

Introduction to Security

Introduction to Security Chapter 13 Terrorism and Homeland Security Responsibilities 1 Security Professionals Responsibilities and Homeland Security

Knowing the enemy, who to look for and be vigilant Taking all possible steps to prevent a terrorist attack Preparing themselves and their agencies for an attack Responding to an attack Investigating the attack 2 Terrorism Defined According to the Terrorism Research

Center: the use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives 3 A Brief Chronology of Terrorism

1789 - 1799: French Revolution revolutionaries used violence against enemies 1930s Terrorist acts used by Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin Late 1880s 1990s KKK 1978 1995 Unabomber Late 1980s Animal Liberation Front 4

3 Elements of Terrorism 1. 2. 3. Criminal in Nature Targets are typically symbolic Terrorist actions are always aggressive and often violent 5 A Brief Chronology of Terrorism

1995 Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building bombed by Timothy McVeigh & Terry Nichols 1998 2 U.S. embassies in East Africa bombed 10/12/2000 USS Cole attacked in Yemen 9/11/2001 World Trade Center and Pentagon attacked by terrorists using hijacked airliners 6

Who does what? FBI the lead agency for responding to acts of domestic terrorism Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) the lead agency for consequence management after an attack 7

USA PATRIOT Act Singed into law by President Bush on October 26, 2001 Gives police the unprecedented ability to seize, search, detain or eavesdrop in their pursuit of terrorists Expands the FBIs wiretapping and electronic surveillance authority

Establishes new punishments for possessing biological weapons 8 Asymmetric War A war in which a much weaker opponent takes on a stronger opponent by refusing to confront the stronger opponent head on

The weaker opponent chooses battles where the stronger one does not expect to be hit. Police and government agencies are the most common targets. 9 World Wide Terrorist Targets 10 Classification of Terrorist Acts

Domestic Terrorism International Terrorism 11 Classification of Terrorist Acts Domestic Terrorism Based in this country White supremacists Black supremacists Militia groups

Pro-life groups Animal rights activists Environmental extremists 12 Classification of Terrorist Acts International Terrorism Foreign based 3 categories 1. Foreign state sponsored (Iraq, Libya) 2. Formalized terrorist groups (al Qaeda,

Hamas) 3. Loosely affiliated radical extremists least organized, but largely unknown, leaving them free to travel 13 Indicators of Terrorism Following is a lengthy list of possible indicators of possible terrorists

It is important to note that these are only possible indicators and do not constitute proof in and of themselves. They apply to both foreign and domestic terrorists. 14 Indicators of Terrorism

Possession of fake/altered IDs Multiple identification in different names Possession of IDs with dramatically different photos of the same person anti-American, anti-Jewish, or antianything material Residence in several states in the last few years 15 Indicators of Terrorism

Taken multiple trips out of the country or out of state in the last few years Possession of videos/photos of public places and/or buildings Taken flying lessons Extreme interest in martial arts Repeated use of public Internet access points to avoid tracing 16

Indicators of Terrorism Possession of phone cards Possession of large amounts of cash Renting first floor apartments (easy escape) Using inexpensive motels (less security)

Dont allow maids to clean the room when they are not present 17 Indicators of Terrorism No apparent means of legitimate income Display of racial/terrorist symbols Recent shaving of head and body hair

18 Methods Used by Terrorists Arson Explosives Bombs Suspicious packages Suicide bombers

Weapons of Mass Destruction Biological agents Chemical agents Nuclear Technology 19 Likeliness of Methods Used by Terrorists

20 Impact of Terrorist Weapons 21 Preventing Terrorism Security officers should stay alert for routine crimes/activities which may also be terrorism red flags Watch for thefts/sales of certain

chemicals: bleach, riot control sprays, chlorine, ammonium nitrate, etc. 22 Preventing Terrorism National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) Provides a collaborative, coordinated approach between the private sector and all facets of government Includes agriculture and food, banking

and finance, chemical, communications, dams, drinking water and water treatment, energy and other critical areas. 23 Goals of the Department of Homeland Security 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Increase our ability to keep bad people out of the country Keep bad things out of the country Protect our infrastructure better Continue to build a response capability with modern computer tools Promote Intelligence Gathering Fusion centers 24 Fusion Centers

42 fusion centers are located throughout the country in 37 states. These manage the flow of information and intelligence across all levels and sectors of government and private industry. 25 Responding to Terrorist Attacks

First responders, most likely local police, firefighters and security officers are the first line of defense against terrorists. These first responders must have interoperability in order to operate effectively. 26 Concerns related to the War on Terrorism

Civil liberties may be jeopardized People of Middle Eastern descent may be discriminated against or become victims of hate crimes. 27

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