Information as a Joint Function A Doctrinal Perspective CDR Keith Adkins Mr. Tom Evans Joint Information Operations Proponent JS/J39 Strategic Effects Division Deputy Director for Global Operations (DDGO) Overall Classification of this Briefing is: UNCLASSIFIED 1 02/22/2020 Information Joint Function for JSWG Agenda Background Information Doctrine Proposed Construct Joint Information Doctrine Impacts since 60th JDPC Issues Way Ahead/Questions 2 02/22/2020 Information Joint Function for JSWG Background SecDefs Strategy for Operations in the IE (SOIE) 2016
Philosophical change is required in how Joint Force uses information to achieve strategic and operational objectives 12 Jul 2017, CJCS approved Information as the 7th Joint Function Sep 17 thru present: JP 3-0, Ch III Development Oct 17 thru present: JP 3-XX, Information Pgm Dir Development JPs X-XX, JEMSO and 3-13.2, MISO Program Directives IO Executive Steering Group (ESG) accepted Information construct 3 02/22/2020 Information Joint Function for JSWG Information in Context (1 of 3) A Proposed Construct There are All military inherent informational activities impact aspects to all the Information Environment military activities
The Joint Function of Information groups related capabilities and activities together to integrate, synchronize, and direct joint operations to help JFCs apply informational power The military applies informational power by way of Operations in the Information Environment (OIE) The Military Instrument of national power is expressed through the integration of physical and informational power The inherent informational aspects of the Diplomatic, Military, and Economic Instruments of National Power contribute to the Informational Instrument of National power.
Recommendation: ESG Members agree with the proposed construct Information Construct (2 of 3) Doctrinal Paradigm STRATEGIC JP 1 The military also applies Information as an instrument of national power Instrument of National Power OPERATIONAL The Information Joint Function synchronizes activities to create informational power The military applies its informational power through Operations in the Information Environment
JP 3-0 JP 3-XX Operations in the Information Environment involve DOD applying power through activities that have offensive, defensive, and supporting aspects Information Construct (3 of 3) Issues to Address Going Forward JP 1 terms Information instrument of power Military instrument of power Reconcile OE and IE (JP 3-0)
Reconcile ROMO, Competition, and Conflict Continuums (JP 1, JP 3-0, JP 3-XX, JP 5-0) JP 3-0 terms o o Information joint function Information environment (IE)? JP 3-XX terms o o Information environment (IE)?
Operations in the IE? (OIE) Phasing Construct (JP 3-XX) Reconcile Stray Terms (JP 3-XX) o o o o o o o o informational power information warfare information operations information activities
information domain information advantage information superiority information related capability Information Updates and Impacts Since 60th JDPC Joint Doctrine Development JP 3-0 Change 1 (Chapter III, Joint Functions) JP 3-XX (formerly JP 3-13, Information Operations) JP 1 Vol. 1 Impacts of the Information Joint Function Joint Concepts: Joint Concept for Operations in the Information Environment (JCOIE) at OPSDEPS for approval Working close with JC-HAMO, JCIC Implementation Plans Integrating into 2+3 Joint Operational Concepts (JOC) Planning: CJCS Approved Global Integrated Operations in the IE (GIOIE) EXORD Integration of Informational and Physical Power, Narrative terminology accepted in GCPs, JSCP 7 02/22/2020 Information Joint Function for JSWG
Information Joint Function Impacts Contd Force Development: FY 18 NDAA required DOD to designate Senior Official for Integration of Strategic IO and Cyber-enabled IO Joint Staff Communication Strategy Analysis Division serves as focal point for strategic messaging for Joint Force J39 Proposed Information as a Tier I Joint Capability Area (JCA) accepted as Tier 3 under Force Application/Fires Joint Training and Education Information was selected as one of the five AY 18-19 JPME Special Area of Emphasis (SAE) Operations in the Information Environment (OIE) in Joint Exercises Joint Military Net Assessment (JMNA) lists OIE as one of 15 Competitive Areas Service Doctrine & Allied and Partner Impacts 8 02/22/2020 Information Joint Function for JSWG Issues
Future of the term Information Operations Information Warfare Relevant Actors Commanders Communication Synchronization 9 02/22/2020 Information Joint Function for JSWG Questions Information Joint Function Description The information function encompasses the management and application of information and its deliberate integration with other joint functions to influence relevant-actor perceptions, behavior, action or inaction, and support human and automated decision making. The information function helps commanders and staffs understand and leverage the pervasive nature of information, its military uses, and its application during all military operations. This function provides JFCs the ability to integrate the generation and preservation of friendly information while leveraging the
inherent informational aspects of all military activities to achieve the commander's objectives and attain the end state. - Approved 12 Jul 2017 by General Joseph F. Dunford, Jr., CJCS to include into JP 1 SecDef SecDef memo memo endorsed endorsed new new function function 15 15 September September 2017 2017
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