Kingdoms of Organisms

Kingdoms of Organisms

KINGDOMS OF ORGANISMS INTRODUCTION Kingdoms All organisms can be divided into kingdoms of organisms Organisms are placed into kingdoms based on 3

characteristics: Type of cell Form of nutrition Number of cells Type of Cell Prokaryoticcells lack a

nucleus and organelles Eukaryoticcells have a nucleus and organelles Form of Nutrition Autotrophicthese organisms make their own

food Heterotrophicthese organisms can not make their own food Number of Cells Unicellularthese organisms have only one cell Multicellularthese

organisms have more than one cell 6 Kingdom System Kingdom Archaebacteria Kingdom

Eubacteria Kingdom Protista Kingdom Fungi Kingdom

Plantae Kingdom Animalia Kingdom Archaebacteria Prokaryotic cells

Most have cell walls, but some dont Unicellular Some are autotrophic and some are heterotrophic Contains the bacteria that live in harsh environments like hot springs, volcanic vents or highly salty water; they live where no other organisms can survive Archaebacteria

Kingdom Eubacteria Contains all the other bacteria that are not in the Kingdom Archaebacteria Prokaryotic Most cells

have cell walls, but some dont Unicellular Some are autotrophic and some are heterotrophic Some

are considered good and some are bad Eubacteria Kingdom Protista Eukaryotic Some have cell walls, but some dont

Contain uni- and multicellular organisms Some are autotrophic and some are heterotrophic Only

characteristic they have in common is they are all eukaryotic Protista Kingdom Fungi Contains mushrooms, yeast, mold and mildew

Eukaryotic Have cell walls made of chitin Yeast are unicellular; all others are multicellular Heterotrophic

absorptive Fungi Kingdom Plantae Includes all the plants Eukaryotic

Have cell walls made of cellulose Multicellular Autotrophic Contain chloroplasts Plants

Kingdom Animalia Eukaryotic No cell walls Multicellular Heterotrophic Only

Kingdom with NO cell walls Animalia

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