Maps and Map Skills What is a map? A flat, 2 dimensional representation of earth or a selected place, can show selected elements or features of a place Map Projections A map projection in a systematic transformation of latitudes and longitudes of
locations of a 3-D world onto a flat surface. Common projections for earth: Mercator Robinson Goodes Homolosine Equal-Area There is no limit to the number of map projections possible. No projection is 100% accurate, each will have some level of distortion (changes in the shape of an object)
A globe is the BEST representation of Earth, due to its spherical nature. But, is impractical to use and does not include as much detail as a map can. Parts of a Map Every good map will include
these essential elements: title scale compass rose legend/key Title Should be the first thing you look at Will frame your mind set for what you are about to look at Will state obvious information as to what the map is depicting
Example: Mexico before Independence China: Natural Resources Mid-Atlantic Triangle Trade The Spread of Islam Scale Shows the relationship between distance on a map and distance on the ground Will give you an idea of how much ground the map covers
Maps with larger scales will cover more ground than those with smaller ones Ex. 1in = 1 mile very small scale Ex. 1in. = 100,000 miles very large scale Compass Rose Symbol on a map that indicates cardinal directions North, South, East, West
Can sometimes include intermediate directions NW, NE, SW, SE Can also be as simple as an arrow pointing North, all others are supposed to be assumed based on that DO NOT assume that a map is
Legend or Key Explanation of symbols and abbreviations used on a map Most maps are not big enough to include labels for everything, so a legend/key comes in very handy Will help make sense of the map Second thing that should
be looked at after the title Types of Maps There are 7 major types of maps: Physical Political Topographic Climate Resource/Economic Street/Road Thematic Physical Map
Shows the major physical features of an area, focuses on the natural environment Rivers Mountains Vegetation Bodies of water Political Map Shows the
boundaries of states, countries, or other governmental divisions. Will usually show capitals and major cities Topographic Map Shows natural and man-made
features of the land, marked by contour lines showing elevation and shape of the land Climate map Gives information about the climate and precipitation of a
region Resource/Economic Map Show the major natural resources and agricultural and industrial products of an area. Will use color coding and many symbols
Street/Road Map Shows smaller areas such as cities and towns, used to find directions Will highlight major roadways, street names, and important landmarks.
Thematic Map Shows information relating to a specific theme. Ex: Spread of religion Trade routes Population density Are often combined with one of the other types of maps for
added detail Possibilities are endless! When you first encounter a map 1. Read the TITLE! This will tell you what you are 2. 3. 4. 5.
about to look at. Study the legend/key. It will tell you more details about what you will be looking at. Identify what the colors and/or symbols mean. Find the scale. Are you looking at a large or small area? Look at the compass rose. Identify which way is north. Finally, look at the map. Identify the colors and symbols from the legend/key. Study the map carefully, comb through the details.
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On the left hand side you will notice tabs…My Planner, My Activities, Scope & Sequence is district Curriculum. After a lesson plan has been built, and you expect to use this as an Activity regularly. You can save this info...
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