Le passé composé

Le passé composé

Le pass compos In French you use the perfect tense (le pass compos) to say what you have done at a certain time in the past. Le pass compos In French this is called the pass compos because it is composed of two parts: the auxiliary or

helper and the past participle. Verbs with avoir The pass compos is usually formed by using the present tense of avoir and the past participle of the verb, just as in English. You must then know the verb avoir Le verbe avoir Singular

Jai Tu as Il/elle a I have You have He/she has Plural Nous avons Vous avez Ils/elles ont

We have You have They have THE VERB AVOIR

Lets practice: add the right part of avoir to them: J fait mes devoirs Nous fini lexercice. Il jou au football. Vous regard une vido. Ils mang au Mc Do. Tu choisi ton livre. Elle mang un sandwich. Nous n

pas vu le film. vous vu le film? Ils achet un CD. Now check your answers 1. 2. 3. 4. Jai fait mes devoirs. Nous avons fini lexercice. Il a jou au football. Vous avez regard une vido. 5. Ils ont mang au Mc Do.

6. Tu as choisi ton livre. 7. Elle a mang un sandwich. 8. Nous navons pas vu le film. 9. Avez vous vu le film? 10. Ils ont achet un CD. How to form the past participle Regular er verbs Take off the er and replace it with Jouer jaijou Regular ir verbs Take off the -r

Finir jai fini Regular re verbs Take off the re and replace it with u Rpondre jai rpondu Using these rules, what would the past participle of these verbs be? Write the answers in a Word Document aimer attendre choisir

demander couter laver finir manger habiter parler inviter perdre porter ranger

regarder tlphoner travailler vendre Check your answers aim attendu cout fini lav mang port

rang tlphon choisi demand habit invit parl perdu regard travaill vendu THE PASS WITH AVOIR Lets practice: give the correct part of the verb in brackets Jai (prendre)

le bus. Il a (boire) du Coca. Nous avons (lire) ces magazines. Jai (apprendre) le vocabulaire. As-tu (regarder) la tlvision? Quest-ce que vous avez (faire) ? Il a (jouer) de la guitare. Jai (finir) mes devoirs. Nous avons (couter) de la musique.

Elle na pas (comprendre) . Click on the picture to check your answers Here are the past participles of some irregular verbs: avoir eu dire dit prendre pris boire bu crire crit apprendre appris lire lufaire fait comprendrecompris voir vu mettre mis devoir d

tre t vouloir voulu pouvoir pu Look for patterns to help you learn them Now check your answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

8. 9. Jai pris le bus. Il a bu du Coca. Nous avons lu ces magazines. Jai appris le vocabulaire. As-tu regard la tlvision? Quest-ce que vous avez fait ? Il a jou de la guitare. Jai fini mes devoirs. Nous avons cout de la musique. 10. Elle na pas compris Verbs with tre

As we have already seen, most verbs take avoir as their auxiliary verb. However, some take tre How to conjugate tre Singular Je suis I am Tu es you are Il/elle est he/she is

Plural Nous sommes we are Vous tes you are Ils/elles sont they are THE VERB TRE Lets practice: add the right part of tre to them: Je suis venu(e). Il est entr. Nous sommes arrivs.

Les enfants sont sortis Vous tes rests la maison. Paul est tomb dans la rue. Maman est monte au premier tage. Ma soeur est alle la piscine. Mon pre est descendu au sous-sol. Murielle est ne Paris. Now check your answers

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Je suis venu(e). Il est entr. Nous sommes arrivs. Les enfants sont sortis Vous tes rests la maison. 6. Paul est tomb dans la rue. 7. Maman est monte au premier tage. 8. Ma soeur est alle la piscine.

9. Mon pre est descendu au sous-sol. 10. Murielle est ne Paris. Remember! Notice that with verbs which use tre as the auxiliary verb, the past participle agrees with the subject (the person or thing doing the action). Add -e if the subject is feminine Entrer Elle est entre Add -s if the subject is

masculine plural (or includes masculine and feminine) Arriver Ils sont arrivs Add es if the subject is feminine plural Partir elles sont parties The following verbs form the pass compos with tre. It is easier to learn them as pairs:

Aller/venir* Arriver/partir Entrer/sortir Monter/descendre Natre*/mourir* to to to to to go/to come arrive/to leave enter/to go out go up/to go

be born/to die *The past participle of these verbs are venu, n, mort. All the rest are regular! All the verbs made up of these verbs, e.g. rentrer, repartir, also take tre, as do tomber, rester and retourner. THE PAST PARTICIPLE WITH TRE Lets practice: give the correct part of the verb in brackets. WATCH ENDINGS!!! Le train est (arriver) la gare. Nous sommes(partir) neuf heures.

Mes grands-parents sont (venir) en voiture. tes-vous (aller) en ville? Je suis (monter) au premier tage. Je suis (entrer) dans le magasin. Elle est (descendre) devant la poste. Nous sommes (rester) la maison. Tu es (partir) midi. Elles sont (natre) hier. Now check your answers 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Le train est arriv la gare. Nous sommes parti(e)s neuf heures. Mes grands-parents sont venus en voiture. tes-vous all(e)s en ville? Je suis mont(e) au premier tage. Je suis entr(e) dans le

magasin. Elle est descendue devant la poste. Nous sommes rest(e)s la maison. Tu es parti(e) midi. 10. Elles sont nes hier. THE PERFECT TENSE. LETS PRACTICE : HOW WOULD YOU SAY THESE SENTENCES IN FRENCH?

Yesterday I played soccer. Did you go to the movies? She listened to music. My parents arrived last week. My little brother was born last night Now check your answers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Hier jai jou au football Tu es all(e) au cinma?

Elle a cout de la musique. Mes parents sont arrivs la semaine dernire. Mon petit frre est n hier soir. Le pass des verbes rflchis! When we need to use a reflexive verb like: Se coucher Se lever Sendormir

We use a pronoun AND tre: Je me suis couch(e) Tu tes couch(e) Il sest couch Elle sest couche Nous nous sommes couch(e)s Vous vous tes couch(e)s Ils se sont couchs Elles se sont couches

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