Lessons Learned From Past Notable Disasters. Indonesia. Part ...

Lessons Learned From Past Notable Disasters. Indonesia. Part ...

LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS INDONESIA PART 1B: TSUNAMIS Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA NATURAL

NATURAL HAZARDS HAZARDS THAT THAT PLACE PLACE INDONESIAS INDONESIAS COMMUNITIES COMMUNITIES AT AT RISK RISK

EARTHQUAKES GOAL: GOAL:DISASTER DISASTER RESILIENCE RESILIENCE ENACT ENACTAND ANDIMPLEMENT

IMPLEMENT POLICIES HAVING POLICIES HAVINGHIGH HIGH BENEFIT/COST BENEFIT/COST FOR FOR COMMUNITY

COMMUNITYRESILIENCE RESILIENCE TSUNAMIS FLOODS CYCLONES VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

TSUNAMIS TSUNAMIS CAN ACCOMPANY LARGE SUBDUCTION ZONE EARTHQUAKES GENERATED AS A RESULT OF COMPLEX INTERACTION OF THE INDO-AUSTRALIA AND EURASIATECTONIC PLATES TECTONIC

TECTONIC PLATES PLATES INDONESIA REGIONAL TECTONICS The Indo-Australian and Eurasian plates meet in Indonesia, creating a tectonic

setting that generates earthquakes and volcanoes. REGIONAL TECTONICS The Indo-Australian plate is moving northward while being subducted under the Eurasian plate creating a zone marked by a submarine trench that can be traced from the

northern tip of Sumatra to the Lesser Islands. SUBDUCTION SUBDUCTION ZONE ZONE INDONESIAS SEISMICITY

TSUNAMI RISK TSUNAMI HAZARDS PEOPLE & BLDGS. VULNERABILITY LOCATION DATA DATA BASES BASES

AND AND INFORMATION INFORMATION ACCEPTABLE RISK RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK INDONESIAS

INDONESIAS GOAL: TSUNAMI DISASTER RESILIENCE COMMUNITIES COMMUNITIES POLICY OPTIONS

HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS PREPAREDNESS

PROTECTION EARLY WARNING EMERGENCY RESPONSE RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION CAUSES CAUSESOF OF

DAMAGE DAMAGE INADEQUATE RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL GROUND SHAKING SOIL AMPLIFICATION PERMANENT DISPLACEMENT (SURFACE FAULTING & GROUND FAILURE)

EARTHQUAKES EARTHQUAKES DISASTER DISASTER LABORATORIES LABORATORIES IRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATION AND PLAN

TSUNAMI WAVE RUNUP POOR DETAILING AND WEAK CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS FRAGILITY OF NON-STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS CAUSES CAUSESOF

OF LOSS LOSS HIGH VELOCITY IMPACT OF INCOMING WAVES INLAND DISTANCE OF WAVE RUNUP VERTICAL HEIGHT OF WAVE RUNUP

TSUNAMIS TSUNAMIS DISASTER DISASTER LABORATORIES LABORATORIES INADEQUATE WARNING SYSTEM FLOODING

INADEQUATE HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL EVACUATION PROXIMITY TO SOURCE OF TSUNAMI LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL TSUNAMIS. DISASTERINTELLIGENT

COMMUNITIES USE TIMELY EARLY WARNING BASED ON CRITICAL INFORMATION TO EVACUATE PEOPLE AND PREPARE. INDONESIAS MOST NOTABLE

TSUNAMI DISASTER The Great Sumatra Earthquake -Indian Ocean Tsunami Disaster December 26, 2004 LOCATION BEFORE AND AFTER THE

DISASTER SOURCE OF IMAGES: SPACE IMAGING/CRISP-SINGAPORE NOTE: A TSUNAMI TRAVELS AT SPEEDS OF ABOUT 800 KM/HR IN THE DEEP OCEAN BEFORE DECEMBER 26, 2004 EARTHQUAKE-TSUNAMI

AFTER DECEMBER 26, 2004 EARTHQUAKE-TSUNAMI BEFORE DECEMBER 26, 2004 EARTHQUAKE-TSUNAMI AFTER DECEMBER 26, 2004 EARTHQUAKE-TSUNAMI

BEFORE DECEMBER 26, 2004 EARTHQUAKE-TSUNAMI AFTER DECEMBER 26, 2004 EARTHQUAKE-TSUNAMI BEFORE DECEMBER 26, 2004 EARTHQUAKE-TSUNAMI

AFTER DECEMBER 26, 2004 EARTHQUAKE-TSUNAMI THE TSUNAMI THE EXISTING INDIAN OCEAN WARNING SYSTEM WAS INADEQUATE; SO EVACUATION

DID NOT HAPPEN. THE TSUNAMI TSUNAMI WAVES WITH WAVE HEIGHTS OF 4 TO 10 M AND INLAND RUNUP OF 3.3 KM OR MORE REACHED THE COASTS OF ALL INDIAN OCEAN NATIONS- - WHOSE PEOPLE WERE UNEVACUATED AND UNPREPARED

IMPACTS OF THE DISASTER AS MANY AS 220,000 PEOPLE KILLED (120,000 IN INDONESIA) --- AND 500,000 INJURED IMPACTS OF THE DISASTER URGENT NEED FOR FOOD, WATER, AND HEALTH CARE SERVICES TO PREVENT

A HEALTH-CARE DISASTER AFTER THE TSUNAMI DISASTER IMPACTS OF THE DISASTER MILLIONS DISPLACED FROM HOMES IMPACTS OF THE DISASTER

BILLIONS OF DOLLARS NEEDED FOR RESPONSE, RECOVERY, AND RECONSTRUCTION IMPACTS OF THE DISASTER INTERNATIONAL AID WAS COORDINATED BY UN, USA, INDIA, AUSTRALIA, & JAPAN

TOWARDS DISASTER RISK REDUCTION FOR TSUNAMIS RISK ASSESSMENT VULNERABILITY COST EXPOSURE

TSUNAMIS TSUNAMIS EVENT EXPECTED EXPECTED LOSS LOSS

BENEFIT CONSEQUENCES POLICY ASSESSMENT POLICY POLICY

ADOPTION ADOPTION

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