Literary Terms The Glass Castle by Jeannette Walls Why is Jeannettes glass castle more like a sand castle? (metaphor) The glass castle represents the hopes of a positive future for the family. Those hopes can be represented in a sand castle because it can be built but it can easily be washed away, just like the childrens hopes are often washed away.
Figurative Language/Literary Terms Review Also known as descriptive language, or poetic language, figurative language helps the writer paint a picture in the readers mind. Allusion A
casual reference in literature to a person, place, event, or another passage of literature. Example: "Fluffy" -- the three headed dog in Harry Potter and the Sorcerers Stone. In Greek Mythology, Cerberus guards the gate to the underworld. He is "a three-headed, dragontailed dog, who permits all spirits to enter, but none to return." -- from Edith Hamilton's Mythology Colloquialism
A word or phrase used in everyday plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. Example: The opening line from Mark Twains Huckleberry Finn "You dont know about me without you have read a book by the name of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, but that aint no matter." Colloquialism contd
Another example: The first sentence of J.D. Salingers The Catcher in the Rye "If you really want to hear about it, the first thing you'll probably want to know is where I was born, and what my lousy childhood was like, and how my parents were occupied and all before they had me, and all that David Copperfield kind of crap, but I don't feel like going into it, if you want to know the truth."
Hyperbole Exaggeration or overstatement for an effect. Im so hungry I could eat a horse. This test is going to take forever to finish. Now you write one: Begin with My dog is so ugly and finish the sentence using hyperbole. (example: My dog is so ugly we had to pay the fleas to live on him!) Idiom
An expression in one language that cannot be matched or directly translated word-for-word in another language. tough nut to crack piece of cake Verbal Irony An implied discrepancy between what is said and what is meant Example: From Shakespeares
Romeo and Juliet Mercutio (Romeo's best friend) receives a wound which he calls a scratch, but he knows it is fatal. Symbol Using an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning Example: From William Goldings
Lord of the Flies The conch is a concrete object, but it represents the abstract concepts of law and order and of course a civilized society. Metaphor things, words "like" A comparison of two unlike but does NOT use the or "as".
She was an ice cube before the heat kicked on. They are two peas in a pod. Simile A comparison of two unlike things using the words "like" or "as". Theme the
general idea or insight about life that a writer wishes to express Example: From Harper Lees To Kill a Mockingbird,: Even if one person stands up for what is right, when all others are against him or her, it can make a positive difference. Examples from The Glass Castle? The Appeals Appeal
to character: Ethos To make an argument that is a persuasive appeal to someones moral and ethical nature. Example: William Goldings Lord of the Flies Right after Simon is killed, Ralph says, `That was murder Ralphs voice, low and stricken, stopped Piggys gestures`Dont you understand, Piggy? The things we did Ralph is trying to do the right thing, ethically. The Appeals contd Appeal
to reason: Logos To use rational thinking to persuade by means of an argument suitable to the case in question. Also known as rational appeal or logical proof Example: Dr. Martin Luther King's speech Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of
withering injustice. Another example of Logos From William Goldings Lord of the Flies Right after the ship goes by because Jack pulled Samneric from the fire, Jack tries to explain that he HAD to hunt. The job was too much. We needed everyone.We needed
meat. The Appeals contd Appeal to Pity: Pathos To make an argument with emotional appeal that targets the audiences altruism and mercy. Example: From Jeannette Walls The Glass Castle Quixote landed with a screeching meow and a thud, Dad accelerated
up the road, and I burst into tears (18). Pathos cont. Find Two Examples Use your book to find quotes from The Glass Castle that fit with TWO of the literary terms that we just discussed. On the back of your handout, copy down the quote, state which term it fits with, and write a
brief explanation about why/how it is an example of that literary term. Try to focus on examples other than symbolism, unless it is an object that we have not already discussed. When you finish, work on your prefix handout, DQs, or study for your prefix test tomorrow I will be around to stamp
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