National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer Evaluating and improving the results of air quality models in Texas using TES, AIRS and other satellite data 2008 AGU Joint Assembly - A23-07 Greg Osterman TES Science Team Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology Mark Estes, Clint Harper, Weining Zhao, Doug Boyer, Jim Smith (TCEQ) Jay Al-Saadi (NASA Langley Research Center) Brad Pierce (NOAA/NESDIS) Kevin Bowman, Brian Kahn, Bill Irion (JPL) Wallace McMillan (UMBC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer Overview of Collaboration with TCEQ Collaborate with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) to improve the modeling of ozone episodes in Texas Meteorological and air quality models are the primary tools for developing emission strategies to bring TX into attainment with

EPA Standards What we are doing: 1) Applications: Using chemical transport model results as lateral and vertical boundary conditions for the TCEQ air quality model (CAMx) Using TES (O3, CO, Sea Surface Temperature), AIRS (Temperature, H2O, CO), AMSR-E (Sea Surface Temperature) for benchmarking MM5 and CAMx model results 2) Research Studies: Evaluating the effects of transport of pollutants originating outside the state boundaries Nighttime ozone over Texas May 27, 2008 2008 AGU Joint Assembly 2 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology

Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer Overview of Collaboration with TCEQ Collaborate with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) to improve modeling of ozone episodes in Texas Meteorological and air quality models are primary tool for developing emission strategies to bring TX into attainment with EPA Standards What we are doing: 1) Applications: Using chemical transport model results as lateral and vertical boundary conditions for the TCEQ air quality model (CAMx) Using TES (O3, CO, Sea Surface Temperature), AIRS (Temperature, H2O, CO), AMSR-E (Sea Surface Temperature) for benchmarking MM5 and CAMx model results Direct use of data from A-Train instruments to benchmark model results used in making air quality policy decisions May 27, 2008 2008 AGU Joint Assembly 3 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory

California Institute of Technology Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer Federal Clean Air Act Federal Clean Air Act is the legal foundation for the national air pollution control program and gives the EPA the power to: Establish national air quality standards EPA Eight-Hour Ozone Standard is at 0.08 ppm (0.075 ppm as of March12, 2008) An area violates the standard when the 3-year average of each years 4th highest reading at a monitor equals or exceeds 85 ppb State Implementation Plans: An enforceable plan developed at the state level that explains how the state will comply with the Federal Clean Air Act Must be submitted by any state that has areas designated as in nonattainment of federal air quality standards Contains information on control strategies for bringing designated areas back into attainment Implications of nonattainment Health implications of ozone pollution Potential loss in billions of dollars economic development for the state May 27, 2008

2008 AGU Joint Assembly 4 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology May 27, 2008 Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer US 8-Hour Ozone Standard Status 2008 AGU Joint Assembly 5 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer Texas Areas of Nonattainment Focus of proposed work: Houston/Galveston/ Brazoria 8-Hour Ozone Designation: Moderate Dallas/Ft Worth 8-Hour Ozone Designation: Moderate SIP Revisions for both

areas due June 15, 2007 Areas that may be in nonattainment of new EPA Standard: Austin/San Antonio Tyler/NE Texas El Paso May 27, 2008 2008 AGU Joint Assembly 6 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology MM5 Met Model Boundar y Conditio Emission ns Inventory Modeling Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer TCEQ Modeling Process for SIP Input CAMx AQ Model

Modeling of Future Emission Scenarios Model Evaluati on Modeling effort underway for 2012 SIP revision (multiple time periods in 2005 & 2006) SIP Inputs May 27, 2008 2008 AGU Joint Assembly 7 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology MM5 Met Model Boundar y Conditio Emission ns Inventory Modeling Key

Uncertainties: Vertical profiles Spatial May 27, 2008 variability Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer TCEQ Modeling Process for SIP Input CAMx AQ Model Modeling of Future Emission Scenarios SIP Inputs 2008 AGU Joint Assembly Model Evaluati on Key Uncertainties: Data at surface monitors only No data above surface 8 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology

MM5 Met Model Boundar y Conditio Emission ns Inventory Modeling RAQMS GEOS-Chem May 27, 2008 Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer TCEQ Modeling Process for SIP Input CAMx AQ Model Modeling of Future Emission Scenarios Model Evaluati on CAMx: TES and AIRS MM5: AIRS, TES, Quikscat SIP Inputs 2008 AGU Joint Assembly 9

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer Meteorological Model Evaluation May 27, 2008 2008 AGU Joint Assembly Houston air quality is tied to the wind patterns onto and from the Gulf of Mexico Sea surface temperature and winds in the Gulf are key variables that are not routinely validated within the TCEQ modeling system Worked with TCEQ to get started using Quikscat data in MM5 Winds over land?

10 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer Meteorological Model Evaluation TCEQ and the University of Houston have incorporated the GOES sea surface temperature product into MM5 Took the hourly GOES product on 6 km grid and placed it on MM5 grids (108, 36, 12 and 4 km) Evaluation of data set is needed TES SST product AMSR-E SST product Evaluation of MM5 temperature profiles is also needed AIRS Temperatures

May 27, 2008 2008 AGU Joint Assembly 11 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer Air Quality Model Evaluation TCEQ Modeling Grid TCEQ uses nested CAMx model runs 36 36 km 12 12 km 4 4 km Currently modeling 5 time periods during 2005 & 2006 Current boundary conditions are based on ground monitor data from EPA

~ 200 ground monitors in Texas (25 in Houston Area) Primary model evaluation data Mostly located in urban areas No data over the Gulf of Mexico May 27, 2008 2008 AGU Joint Assembly 12 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer Air Quality Model Evaluation TCEQ Modeling Grid May 27, 2008 2008 AGU Joint Assembly TES can provide vertically

resolved information on ozone and carbon monoxide in the troposphere Information in rural areas away from surface monitors Information over the Gulf AIRS CO provides better spatial resolution and vertical information 13 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer Air Quality Model Evaluation TCEQ Modeling Grid May 27, 2008 2008 AGU Joint Assembly TES can provide vertically resolved information on ozone and carbon monoxide in the troposphere Information in rural areas away from surface monitors

Information over the Gulf AIRS CO provides better spatial resolution and vertical information 14 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer Preliminary TCEQ Model Results Galveston Cyan: CAMx Surface Ozone w/ Original BC Blue: CAMx Surface Ozone w/ GEOS-Chem BC Red: O3 from Surface Monitor (ppbv) Used GEOS-Chem Near Real Time results for time period July 24 August 8, 2005 to provide boundary conditions in the troposphere for CAMx model Small improvement for July 29-30 and August 3-4 in Galveston for comparisons with surface monitors Learning the best way to implement the use of GEOS-Chem Expect improvement in model values of ozone above the boundary layer (not validated yet) May 27, 2008 2008 AGU Joint Assembly

15 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer Status of Work with TCEQ Developed work plan for collaboration Identified the types of measurements that will be useful to TCEQ Provided initial boundary conditions for July-August 2005 time period (GEOS-Chem) New boundary conditions did lead to improvement in CAMx surface ozone as compared to ground stations along the Texas coast Need to improve the downscaling procedure for creating boundary/initial conditions Provided help with Quikscat data for use in TCEQ modeling Direct use of data from A-Train instruments to benchmark model results used in making air quality policy decisions CAMx is used by many state/local air quality boards Work done with TCEQ can be modified to work with other air quality models (CMAQ) May 27, 2008 2008 AGU Joint Assembly 16 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology

Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer Next Steps in Work with TCEQ Iterative process (several time periods, ~3 year project) Improve July-Aug 2005 boundary conditions Format RAQMS analyses for 2006 time periods as boundary conditions Beginning evaluation of July-August 2005 CAMx model results with TES data Evaluation of July-August 2005 MM5 temperature profiles with AIRS data Evaluation of GOES/MM5 sea surface temperature with TES and AMSR-E Proposal ROSES 2008 Applied Science Program (Air Quality Decision Support) Transport studies from Texas Air Quality Study II (AIRS/TES/RAQMS/OMI) August 23, 2006 Osterman et al. August 30, 2006 McMillan et al. May 27, 2008 2008 AGU Joint Assembly 17

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