Bell Ringer July 29, 2014 What is a

Bell Ringer July 29, 2014 What is a

Bell Ringer July 29, 2014 What is a Founding Father? Founding Fathers These men wrote and signed the Declaration of Independence. These men were considered brave because it was considered an act of treason (the crime of

betraying one's country) punishable by hanging. Celebrate Freedom Week The Founding

John Hancock John Hancock was the representative from Massachusetts President of the Continental Congress in 1775 First to sign Declaration of Independence and is the most

recognizable signature. Benjamin Rush Benjamin Rush was from Pennsylvania He was the treasurer of the U.S.

Mint from 1797 to 1813 physician, writer, educator, He was a Founding Father that signed Declaration of Independence and attended the Continental Congress. John Jay

John Jay was a representative from New York at the Continental Congresses. He signed the Declaration of Independence. He helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris 1783 that ended the American Revolution. He was a diplomat to England in late 1700s where he negotiated Jays Treaty that averted threat of another war with the

British John Witherspoon John Witherspoon was an active clergyman A New Jersey representative

that signed the Declaration of Independence He later became President of modern Princeton University John Peter Muhlenberg John Peter Muhlenberg was a clergyman.

He was a soldier during the Colonial, Revolutionary, and PostRevolutionary eras in Pennsylvania He was elected to the first U.S. Congress Charles Carroll Charles Carroll was a Catholic

and Senator from Maryland He was a signer of Declaration of Independence He was a delegate to Constitutional Convention Jonathan Trumbull Sr. Jonathan Trumbull Sr.

was the only colonial governor who supported the American cause/side in the Revolution Closing Task You are to create a foldable on the Founding Fathers. You will answer the

following questions on each of the 7 Founding Fathers: Where was the founding father from? What were their contributions to American History? (why are they important) Bell Ringer July 30, 2014 What does

E Pluribus Unum mean? E Pluribus Unum E Pluribus Unum Out of many, one;

The phrase was proposed to Congress in 1782 for use on the Great Seal of the United States the motto symbolized the 13 original States uniting together to form one compact and represented body. Never made the official motto of the country, but generally accepted as a de facto motto The Declaration of

Independence and The Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence announced the colonies freedom from British rule and set forth the founding principles of the United States of America

found in the first three paragraphs. Founding Principles Some of these principles include all men are created equal unalienable rights government derives its power from the consent of the

governed. U.S. Constitution U.S. Constitution the Constitution of the United States of America provides a framework for the organization of the government and defines the responsibilities of: The bicameral Congress governance within the legislative branch of the government

The President as head of the executive branch of the government The Supreme Court as head of the judicial branch of the government The U.S. Constitution is considered the highest law in the land Closing Task Use the APPARTS strategy to

analyze the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence. Bell Ringer: July 31, 2014 What is the Bill of Rights? Bill of Rights The Bill of Rights exists as the first

10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Bill of Rights Bill of Rights many opposed the Constitution in 1787 because they believed it did not offer adequate protection of individual rights. The Bill of Rights, ratified in 1791, was created to correct

this. The individual rights protected in the Bill of Rights include economic rights related to property, political rights related to freedom of speech and press, and personal rights related to bearing arms and maintaining private property. 1 st

Amendment This amendment guarantees freedom of religion, speech, and the press, and protects the right of assembly. 2

nd Amendment This amendment protects the right to keep and bear arms.

3 rd Amendment This amendment guards against the forced quartering of troops.

4 th Amendment This amendment protects against

unreasonable searches and seizures. 5 th Amendment

This amendment guarantees a trial by jury and due process of law, and guards against double jeopardy (being charged twice for the same offense) and self-incrimination. 6

th Amendment This amendment outlines the rights of the accused, including the right to have a "speedy and public" trial, the right to be

informed of the charges made against him, the right to call witnesses in his defense, and the right to have an attorney in his defense. 7 th

Amendment This amendment lays out the rules of common law. (the right of trial by jury) 8

th Amendment This amendment protects against cruel and unusual punishments.

9 th Amendment This amendment ensures that the individual rights that are not enumerated

in the Constitution are securethat is, that these rights should not be automatically infringed upon because they are omitted from the Constitution 10th Amendment This amendment limits the power of federal government by reserving for the states all powers

that are not explicitly granted to the federal government by the Constitution, nor denied to the states. Closing Task Students will work in pairs or groups of three and complete the following:

1. Each group will be assigned an amendment. 2. They will create a poster answering the following questions on their assigned amendment: What is the amendment, explain in your own words and draw a picture that represents the amendment. 3. Once complete students will hang posters for classmates to see and preform a gallery walk while completing a handout.

Bell Ringer 8-1-14 Why is the Constitution and the Bill of Rights important to the people of the United States? The belief in the Constitution and the rights in the Bill of Rights helps bond Americans together and gives

the hope of liberty and a better future for themselves and their children. Alexis De Tocquevill

Liberty Liberty individuals are free to pursue their own work. Egalitarianism Egalitarianism there are no social class distinctions; the poor do not defer to the rich and vice versa.

Individualism Individualism hard work and labor are considered key to becoming successful. Populism Populism all individuals are allowed an opinion and are able to voice it.

Laissez-Faire Laissez-Faire hard work and money making lead to success. American Values v. Other Nations

American values reinforce and reward the spirit of hard work and money making vs. other nations notions of heredity and that a person is destined to remain in one social group. Closing Task Students will write half a page

comparing and contrasting the American values v. the values of China, Cuba or North Korea.

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