The Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire

Russia a. Czar Russian name for Caesar. b. Ivan III (the Great) ends the Mongol yoke and takes the title Czar c. Slavs ethnic people of Eastern Europe/Russia

d. Vikings Germanic tribe of Northern Europe who invaded throughout Europe in the 800s. e. Mongols Asian nomadic tribe that invaded Russia and established the worlds largest empire. - Genghis Khan leader of Mongols f.

Yaroslav the Wise created Russias law code Rise of Russia Area inhabited by Slavs Vikings arrive using river system

Set up state based on trade & conquest around 9th Century State founded by Rurik Capital at Kiev

People called Rus Kievan Russia Kievan Rus Third Rome Decentralized

government Divided into provinces Constant strife between boyars and princes

Constant threat of nomadic invasion Origins It is believed Rurik, a Viking, settled in the city of Novgorod in 862 CE Rurik joined the city of Novgorod and

Kiev to create Russia Kiev became the major trading city The Founders of Kiev Three Brothers: Kyi, Schek, and Khoryv , ,

Kiev Kiev becomes a major trade center and eventually adopts Orthodox Christianity __________ under the rule of Vladimir I

around 980. Orthodox Christianity was selected Constantinople because of ties to ____________ which includes trade and the belief that the Emperor was head of the church as

well. Russia & Christianity Prince Vladimir converted in 989 CE -Converted for trade, commercial reasons

Elites baptized by order of prince, often against will Famous Russian onion domes

Missionary St. Cyril St. Cyril and the Cyrillic Alphabet St. Sophia Church in Novgorod Kiev Expands

Because of its close ties to the ByzantineEmpire, Kiev grew in ____________ prominence and was considered an protectorate ally and __________ of Constantinople.

Patriarchsent The _______ of Constantinople teachers to spread the faith and educate _______ the masses. Kiev became the first unified state in Russia.

Yaroslav the Wise United the former kingdom of Novgorodwith Kiev to expand his ___________ Empire Created Russias first _____

Law _______, Code the Russkaya Pravda, to bring about unity. Attacked Constantinople in 1043 unsuccessfully

Ruled Kiev _____ 1019 to 1054 Reading the Russkaya Pravda in Kiev Yaroslav I - the Wise

Kiev Falls Yaroslav dies in The Kievan king, __________ 1054 leaving his kingdom to multiple heirs. This resulted in the fracturing of Kievan the ________

______Rus into multiple principalities: a region controlled by a prince _________. This would weaken the Russians just as a fierce threat

Mongols emerged, the ____________. Mongol Invasion The Tatar Yoke (1237 1480) Mongols invade and take over Kiev Russian princes collect tribute and pay it

to the Mongols as a from of homage. Ivan I (Moneybags) The Mongols helped _______ unite Russia by forcing the Princes to submit to their

puppet ruler. Ivan I, from the city of ________, Moscowwas appointed as the Mongol emissary. He collected _________ tribute and paid it to the Mongols after keeping a share for himself.

He invested in ________, modernizing the city. Moscow Moscow under Ivan I Ivan I

Ivan III (The Great) 1462 - 1505 Took the title Grand Duke of all the Russians Claimed Russia was the _______ Third

Rome ________. Ended the Tatar Yoke in 1480 Took the title ________, Tsar Russian for Caesar. Made a new law code

Created the noble class - _________ Boyars The Palace of Facets Commissioned by Ivan III Ivan III rejects the Tatars request for Tribute

Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible: 1533 1547) Had St. Basils constructed in Moscow _________. His wife, Anastasia Romanovna, died

early possibly murdered by the Boyars __________. Accidentally killed his son in a fight. Created the Oprichnina system as a way to get back at the boyars.

Oprichnina Direct control over the nobles by: marriages Arranging all ____________. Could strip a boyar of their title. Ruling with the first ________ secretpolice.

death squad. The Oprichniki: a ________ Killed as many as 60,000 in the Massacre of Novgorod ______________. Ivan the Terrible at the deathbed of his first

and most-beloved wife, Anastasia Romanovna. Ivan married 7 times, sometimes divorcing a wife a week after the marriage. Ivan the Terrible Ivan the Terrible killing his son by Ilya Repin

Ivan seeks repentance for the murder of his son The Mongols Temujin, a Mongol chieftan united many Mongolian tribes and would take the title Ghengis Khan or Universal Ruler.

Regions conquered by Ghengis would become provinces that were referred to as Khanate or kingdoms. TACTICS: Mongols used FEAR to conquer enemies. They used the technique of false retreat They are superior horsemen.

Modern Day Mongolia Kublai Khan Ghengis Khans Grandson Founded the Yuan

Dynasty in China Conquered most of China Met with Marco Polo, according to legend Mongols Crash Course

Marco Polo An Italian (Venetian) Father was a trader who sat up business in Constantinople, which was burned in 1206 forcing them to flee Resided in what would become the Mongol

Ilkhanate They (and Marco) became ambassadors for the Khans and since they spoke Latin, were sent as emissaries to Pope Gregory X 1274 Marco Polo (then 17 years old) began his journey as a mediator between the Pope and the Great Khan

The Fra Mauro Map 1453 Crash Course

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