The Enlightenment

The Enlightenment

THE ENLIGHTENMENT World History - Ackerman The Enlightenment What does enlightenment mean?? Where did the Enlightenment happen?? All over Western Europe When did the Enlightenment take place?? To give understanding, or be free of

ignorance Mid-1600s to the beginning of the 1800s Why did the Enlightenment happen?? People were tired of traditional ways of life and desperately wanted something Europe in the Enlightenm ent The Enlightenment How did the Enlightenment start?? Englands Glorious Revolution: 1688 Overthrow

the king Declaration of Independence: 1776 Independence American Revolution: 1776 1781 A colony defeats a major European power United States Bill of Rights: 1791 Freedoms from England for every citizen

French Revolution: 1789 Overthrow the king What were some of the major ideas of the Enlightenment?? Human nature Styles of Government good vs. evil Absolutism Enlightened monarchy Democracy

Citizenship Personal rights (liberty, property, speech, religion) Social contract (government and people have to work together) Gender rights The Enlightenment Who was involved??

Thomas Hobbes John Locke Jean-Jacques Rousseau Voltaire Baron de Montesquieu Mary Wollstonecraft The Enlightenment What happened as a result of the Enlightenment? Many governments became more democratic People gained more rights Women gained suffrage the right to vote Slavery was decreased or even stopped Freedom of speech, press, and religion became more common

To reviewHobbes Views on Government: English Civil War convinced him that man was naturally wicked and selfish People should give up their rights to a central ruler in exchange for law and order Social Contract people create government in exchange for safety Government should have the awesome power of a leviathan (ancient sea monster) Best Form of Government: Absolute

Monarchy To reviewVoltaire Views on Government: Distrusted the Church (deceitful), the nobility (corrupt), and the peasants (ignorant and superstitious) Disliked blacks and Jews Distrusted democracy, because it would be empowering the common people, whom he saw as little more than idiots Believed in the absolute freedom of thought and expressionto be able to say or write down ones

beliefs without fear of persecution Believed in an individuals right to choose their own religionor none at all Best Form of Government: Enlightened Monarchy To reviewMontesquieu Views on Government: Believed that the downfall of government was the result of the loss of political liberties Separation of Powers power should be divided between a ruler, a law-making body of people, and the courts Checks and Balances each branch of

government would share power and prevent one person from abusing their authority Best Form of Government: Representative Democracy To reviewJohn Locke Views on Government: Thought that man was naturally reasonable, and that he could be responsible for governing himself Believed that all people are born free and equal with Natural Rights Life,

liberty, and property Purpose of government is to protect these rightsif it does not, the people have the right to overthrow it. Best Form of Government: Democracy Jean-Jacques Rousseau Views on Government People are basically good, but become corrupted by society State of Nature mankind used to live in a primitive, free, and equal societyhowever at some point a few strong individuals forced others to follow their rules Believed that the ideal government was one that was freely formed by the peoplethey agree to give up

some of their freedom in favor of the common good Rousseaus Social Contract: agreement among free individuals to create a society and government Believed in total equality no more titles or class distinctions Best Form of Government: Direct Democracy

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Aucun titre de diapositive

    Aucun titre de diapositive

    URBACT II THEMATIC NETWORKS and WORKING GROUPS CALL FOR PROPOSALS 6 November 2007 Urbact Secretariat / Melody Houk * Slide N° *
  • Dramatic Terms -

    Dramatic Terms -

    Dramatic Terms Shakespeare, Drama, and the Tragic Hero Protagonist Main characters of a play Drive the action of the play by striving to achieve a goal Antagonists/Obstacles Antagonist: a character who interferes with a protagonists reaching his/her goal Obstacle: a...
  • Front page and follow on slides

    Front page and follow on slides

    Welcome all delegates to the FAME Dissemination Event at the Institute of Directors on Tuesday 5th October 2004 Welcome from the Chair of the day Anita Marsland FAME Chairman and Chief Executive Health and Social Care - Knowsley MBC Welcome...
  • prefix- -root- -suffix

    prefix- -root- -suffix

    -root-hear. auditorium. audible _____ Homework- add another example to share tmw. The audience will listen. quietly to the assistant. principal speak about bullying. front. back. middle. draw a picture. To match a word
  • Survivor testimony

    Survivor testimony

    I'll fly, sail, hover. Over the lovely faraway world. I'll soar over rivers and oceans. Skyward shall I ascend and blossom. A cloud my sister, the wind my brother. I'll marvel at the Euphrates and the Nile, I'll see the...
  • Bullying 101: - PACER

    Bullying 101: - PACER

    Conflict vs. Bullying: What's the Difference? PACER's National Bullying Prevention Center ©2018. Conflict is a disagreement or argument in which both sides express their views. Bullying is behavior with intention to hurt and the other person often doesn't feel safe...
  • Information Retrieval Fundamentals

    Information Retrieval Fundamentals

    from one or multiple large collections of materials (text or multimedia, structured or unstructured, with or without hyperlinks, with or without metadata, in a foreign language or not - Monday Lecture Multilingual IR by Doug Oard), where people can be...
  • A Parent's Guide to Bullying Prevention

    A Parent's Guide to Bullying Prevention

    AB 9, also known as Seth's Law or the Safe Place to Learn Act. Bullycide Prompts New Law. After years of being taunted and bullied by classmates, 13-year-old Seth Walsh was found unconscious, hanging from the branch of a plum...