The Golden Age of Athens - Mrs. Silverman: Social Studies

The Golden Age of Athens - Mrs. Silverman: Social Studies

The Golden Age of Athens Consequences of the Persian War Formation of Delian

League: Alliance between 140 citystates Athens quickly emerged as Greek leader Consequences of

the Persian War Defeat of Persians + Athenian leadership = Athenian prestige Resulted in the GOLDEN AGE of ATHENS

Setting the Stage 477 to 431 BC: Intellectual & artistic learning greatly increased During the GOLDEN AGE: Drama, sculpture, poetry, science architecture,

philosophy, etc. Golde n Politic s

Golden Politics Pericles, great Athenian leader 3 GOALS for

ATHENS: Strengthen democracy, strengthen the empire & glorify Athens Golden Politics Democracy:

Increased the number of public officials who received salaries Introduced direct democracy; allowed for increased participation

Golden Politics Empire: Pericles built an extremely powerful navy

Strongest navy of its time Greatly increased trade Golden Politics Glorifying Athens:

Pericles began the beautification of Athens Paid artists, architects and other workers to manage this task Golden Politics

As Athens flourished, resentment began to develop on the Peloponnesus Peninsula Resisted Athens & formed their own alliance (The PELOPONNESIAN LEAGUE)

The Golden Arts Golden Art

Art and Sculpture: Grace, strength, perfection Portrayal IDEAL beauty Focused on harmony, order, balance and proportion

0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13 Golden Drama Tragedy:

SERIOUS DRAMA; love, hate, war & betrayal The main character is generally a tragic hero with a fatal flaw, usually excessive pride Golden

Drama Comedy: Slapstick comedy & crude humor

Poked fun at politics, ideas and respected leaders Resentme nt Resentme

nt As Athenian wealth & power INCREASED, so did hostility among other city-states Led to the Peloponnesian

War: Peloponnesia n War Dates & Opposition

Dates: 431 404 BC Opponents: Athens v. Sparta

Major Events & Facts Civil war Different strengths; evenly matched WHY? Athens SEA POWER

Sparta LAND POWER Major Events & Facts Eventually the

Spartans were able to trap the Athenians against the sea 404 BC: Sparta captured Athens Refused to burn it to the ground WHY?

Winner Winner: Sparta Ended Athenian domination of the Greek world

The Aftermath The Aftermath What happened to Athens after the Peloponnesian War? DECLINE of the Golden Age

NO MORE empire, power or wealth The Aftermath After the

Peloponnesian War many Greeks lost confidence in Athens Led to the rise of philosophy & those who wanted seek the truth The

Aftermath 3 BIG THREE: Socrates Plato Aristotle

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