Starting from Within Dr Eunice Lumsden Working With our Most Vulnerable Children Marriott Hotel, Northampton. 30th September, 2016. [email protected] With Thanks to Dr Donald Simpson Teesside University
Rory McDowell formally of the University of Worcester Some of the slides we have presented at conferences BECERA/ EECERA Three Main Points We will not change long term outcomes for young children if we continue doing what we have always done. Real change is personally and professionally
challenging and is not a one of event. Settings have to know themselves, their value base, their training needs and their community if they are to really improve Life Chances. Lets start with you. Do you really understand poverty? Do you really know how it impacts on outcomes? What do you really think about those who live in poverty?
Do you know what you colleagues think? How does your setting address the challenges of poverty? Do you really know the profile of the community your setting serves? Is your setting poverty proofed? Lets start with US.. We all have POWER Anti-discriminatory practice is
how we use that power to challenge inequality to really make a difference. A painful message Research To ascertain how early pre-school practitioners define, construct and understand child poverty in 3 geographic locations across England;
To identify how these pre-school practitioners are responding to conceptions of their role and tasks connected to addressing child poverty; To critically scrutinize the direction of travel being taken in regard to pre-school and addressing child poverty; To provide a mechanism for bringing practitioners perspectives to current policy, practice and academic debates around child poverty.
Developing the Research North East Worcestershire Northamptonshire Background Policy Context Eradicate child poverty by 2020; No longer target Financial and moral case cross-party support;
Child Poverty Act 2010 (Labour); now to be superseded by Life Chances Strategy Child Poverty Strategy 2011 (Coalition); stopped then restarted Essentially minimalist approach (Levitas, 2012: 456) economic inequality downplayed Discursive formation (caricature) of parents in poverty foregrounded conflation of the poor and problem Pre-school services
1) strong parenting 2) positive home learning environments 3) narrowing the gap in childrens early years empowering practitioners to do more for the
most disadvantaged (DWP & DfE, 2011: 35); it is essential to unlock social mobility from the very earliest ages that is why this Coalition Government is committed to strengthening and supporting provision in the early years (Sarah Teather, NW, February, 2012) The good news is early learning for two-year-olds helps to give children the best start in life whatever their background (Elizabeth Truss, NW, July 2013)
We now need to think about how to make it normal even aspirational to attend parenting classes. We all have to work at it. And if you dont have a strong support network if you dont know other mums or dads having
your first child can be enormously isolating. David Cameron January 2016 Latest Policyor is it? Life Chances Strategy To tackle poverty and the causes of deprivation, including family instability, addiction and debt, my Government will introduce new indicators for
measuring life chances This Government is committed to an all -out assault on the root causes of poverty not just the symptoms so that everyone, regardless of their background, has the opportunity to realise their potential. Queen Speech May 2016 However.
The children in your setting now can not afford to wait for politicians to decide who lives in poverty, who does not or how we are going to address it. Research Methodology Interpretive Qualitative
Sampling Semi-structured Interviews Theme analysis Expansion of project in England and USA Majority View Majority view - child poverty rooted in parents subjectivities Normalisation of child poverty
inevitable because parents have wrong behaviours and incorrect values etc. Child poverty related to cycle of deprivation and poverty trap but because poor allow it NE2 Anne Pre-School Manager - its the choice of the parents of why theyre living in poverty. I dont think its anybody elses fault apart from them I think its about how they use the money
that they get and the poverty stems from if theyre not using the money in the appropriate way then thats how they become poor. [blameworthy their lifestyle choice] N9 Karena - the Government are making it a bit harder. Because its the Conservatives, they favour the working aspect of it and getting people working but they arent putting in the infrastructure to get them into jobs. Theyre
making it not nice to be on benefits but theyre not giving opportunities to get out [victim of limited opportunities and conditions of choice important] Minority View Minority view - poor as victims of the cycle and trap beyond their immediate control Limited conditions of choice life a struggle Bounded agency restricted access to capital
Parents in poverty lack autonomy and greater scope for reaction Cant just get themselves out of poverty N9 Karena - the Government are making it a bit harder. Because its the Conservatives, they favour the working aspect of it and getting people working but they arent putting in the infrastructure to get them into jobs. Theyre making it not nice to be on benefits but theyre
not giving opportunities to get out [victim of limited opportunities and conditions of choice important] Summary Parents as cause of, and solution to, social ills such as child poverty Discursive pathologising of parents in poverty shared by majority of ECEC practitioners interviewed
Condemnatory morality works as barrier to engagement and diversity homogenizes Potential need for poverty sensitivity and proofing toolkit in ECEC (the poor a significant minority)? So what are WE going to do? 1 in 5 children live in poverty in
Northamptonshire 1 in 3 in some areas It is not going to be EASY Based on the Bioecological Theory of Human Development
Chronosystem Macro Exo Micro Meso Early Childhood Development
Bronfenbrenner, 2005 Lumsden, 2012 Please do not reproduce without the permission of the Chaotic System
Lets start with you. Do you really understand poverty? Do you really know how it impacts on outcomes? What do you really think about those who live in poverty? Do you know what you colleagues think? How does your setting address the challenges of poverty? Do you really know the profile of the community
your setting serves? Is your setting poverty proofed? What next ? For You The Northamptonshire Life Chances Early Years Setting Kite Mark Becoming Change Makers
A holistic approach to the setting in relation to: Safeguarding Training Poverty Cultural
competence Inclusion Initiatives Anti Values Discriminatory Practice Empathy
arly Years Premium CHALLENGE Thank you for listening Department for Work and Pensions and Department for Education (2011) A new approach to child poverty: Tackling the causes of disadvantage and transforming families lives, London:
DWP and DfE. Edwards. R., Gillies, V. & Horsley, N. (2014) Policy Briefing: The Biologisation of Poverty-Policy and Practice in Early Years Intervention, Discover Society, No 4, January. Faircloth, C. and Hoffman, D. and Layne, L. (2013) Parenting in Global Perspective: Negotiating ideologies of kinship, self and politics. Taylor & Francis: London. Gillies, V. (2008) Childrearing, Class and the New Politics of Parenting, Sociology Compass, 2(3), 1079-1095 Levitas, R. (2012) Utopia calling: eradicating child poverty in the
United Kingdom and beyond. In Minujin, A. and Nandy, S. (Eds) Global Child Poverty and Well-Being: Measurement, concepts, policy and action, Bristol: The Policy Press. pp 449-473. Montgomery, H. (2013) Local childhoods, global issues, Bristol: The Policy Press. OECD (2012) Starting Strong III: A Quality Toolbox for Early Childhood Education and Care, Paris: OECD. Simpson, D. (2013) Remediating Child Poverty Via PreSchool: Exploring practitioners perspectives in England, International Journal in Early Years Education.
Simpson, D., Lumsden, E. and McDowall Clark, R. (2014) Pre-school practitioners, child poverty and social justice, International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy. Simpson, D., Lumsden, E. and McDowall Clark, R. (2015) Neoliberalism, global poverty policy and early childhood education and care a critique of local uptake in England, Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development.
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